|Definition||Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is equal to or exceeds 140 mm Hg. as a result of at least three measurements taken at different times against the backdrop of a calm environment.|
|History||The term “blood pressure” was introduced in 1733 by Stephen Gales. The technique for non-invasive measurement of systolic blood pressure was proposed in 1896 by S. Riva-Rocci. In 1905, the Russian surgeon N.S. Korotkov described auscultatory phenomena during arterial decompression, which became the basis of the non-invasive auscultatory method for measuring systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The accumulated results of epidemiological and clinical studies have become the basis for the creation and evolution of recommendations in the field of arterial hypertension.|
|Symptoms||The main symptom is a headache, often on waking and usually in the occipital region. Also, patients may complain of dizziness, blurred vision, the appearance of “spots” before the eyes, tinnitus, palpitations, pain in the heart, shortness of breath.|
|Causes||The causes of arterial hypertension are currently far from completely clear. However, according to recent research, there are several main reasons: genetic predisposition, disruptions of fat metabolism, diabetes, kidney disease, and stress.|
|Prevention||Prevention methods for hypertension include healthy diet, regular physical activity, weight loss, and timely treatment of concomitant diseases.|
|Diagnostic Method||Diagnosis of hypertension is performed by a cardiologist. The following methods are used to identify the disease and individualize treatment: dynamic measurement of blood pressure, clinical and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, electrocardiography, and ultrasound examinations of the heart, kidneys and other organs.|
|Treatment||For the treatment of the disease, both drug and non-drug therapy is used. Drugs for the treatment of hypertension are aimed at preventing an increase in blood pressure. The doctors also recommend lifestyle changes, such as a special diet or moderate exercise.|
|Duration||Hypertension is usually a chronic disease that remains with the patient till the end of their life.|
|Prognosis||The goal of treating hypertension is to reduce the risk of damage to target organs (heart, brain, kidneys), because these organs suffer from high blood pressure in the first place.|
|Complications||A dangerous complication of arterial hypertension is a hypertensive crisis, an acute condition characterized by a sudden pronounced rise in pressure. Most often, a hypertensive crisis occurs when the systolic pressure reaches 180 mm Hg. and above, or diastolic – 120 mm Hg. and higher. This condition is accompanied by pronounced symptoms, up to neurological, and often requires an ambulance call. Kidney diseases and pathologies of the endocrine system also often become the causes of a persistent increase in pressure in the blood vessels and the development of brain lesions.|
|Frequency in Population||Arterial hypertension affects 30-45% of the adult population. Before the age of 50, the disease is more common in men, after 50 years – in women.|
|Deaths||Raised blood pressure is responsible for 7.6 million deaths per annum worldwide (13.5% of the total), more than any other risk factors. Around 54% of stroke and 47% of coronary heart disease are attributable to high blood pressure.|
|Society||Hypertension becomes increasingly more significant problem in the modern society due to the prevalence of obesity and diabetes in the population.|
📝 Hypertension Research Papers Examples
- Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment, ControlThe article studies the issue of hypertension, more specifically, the rate of patient awareness, level of available treatment, and control.
- Hypertension Self-Treatment and Patient EducationThe project aims to help older adults in need of self-treatment of hypertension in order to prevent the development of severe cardiovascular diseases.
- Asthma and Hypertension PathogenesisAsthma and arterial hypertension have important pathological features in common, including inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, and remodelling.
- Childhood and Adolescent Hypertension InterventionIt is essential to detect hypertension and start its treatment in children, to prevent further development of the disease in adulthood and progress of the end-organ damage.
- Hypertension: Basic Research and Clinical PracticeHypertension is one of the common health issues in the USA that is associated with various negative health outcomes. This paper includes a brief overview of the disease.
- Hypertension Perception Among Hispanic AdultsAmelia Perez delves into the problem of health literacy concerning hypertension among Hispanic adults because of poorer outcomes comparing to non-Hispanic adults.
- Diabetes and Hypertension Patient's Healthcare PlanThis paper presents the healthcare plan of a 49-year-old white woman with a history of type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and migraine headaches.
- Obesity, Hypertension, Diabetes Type 2: AssessmentObesity plays a substantial role in adipocytokine dysregulation which is suggested to be a pathogenic trigger of insulin resistance and other diabetes-related problems.
- Treatment of Patient: Risk of Diabetes and HypertensionThe risk of diabetes is to be reduced with the help of a diet. To evaluate the effectiveness, keep track of BMI and blood sugar level.
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Diabetes and HypertensionThe advantageous method to evaluate the intervention's efficiency is activity log. This element contains all the information about the patient's activities and progresses.
- Hypertension in Elderly People: Data Analysis PlanHypertension in elderly people is a risky health condition that is associated with the development of other diseases that affect the quality of people’s life.
- Hypertension Treatment Adherence: Literature ReviewThe data for the cross-sectional study on treatment adherence in hypertensive patients was acquired from 106 patients who filled in a questionnaire during a medical appointment.
- Hypertension and Type II Diabetes Mellitus PathophysiologyThe clinical findings and physical examination of the patient provide evidence that prove the development of right-sided heart failure.
💡 Essay Ideas on Hypertension
- Teaching Plan for the Hypertension PreventionThe aim of the paper is to create a teaching plan for the individual that will include tips on obesity management which will help to prevent hypertension.
- Modifiable Risk Factors of HypertensionThe purpose of this paper is to develop a teaching plan for the patient that would help her maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid hypertension in the future.
- Educational Intervention in Preventing HypertensionThe proposed project will attempt to evaluate the efficiency of an educational intervention in preventing hypertension in at-risk elderly persons.
- Health Literacy Among Patients With HypertensionNursing interventions aimed at increasing health literacy among patients may be useful as one of the methods for normalizing blood pressure and improving well-being.
- Hypertension Patient EngagementThe role of the healthcare system is to ensure that the patient monitors the changes in his or her habits and their effect on blood pressure.
- Congestive Heart Failure and Hypertension CaseThe case study is focused on an 82-year-old female patient who suffers from several chronic conditions, including congestive heart failure and hypertension.
- Community Intervention: Hypertension ScreeningOne of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) Grade A recommendations is the screening for high blood pressure in adults over 18 years.
- Hypertension: Diagnosis and TreatmentIn diagnosis and treatment, the topic of hypertension plays a vital role because it represents a health issue contributing to a variety of other problems.
- Hypertension: C.D's Case StudyC.D is an African American patient in his mid-fifties who has visited his primary care provider complaining of headache and chest pressure, which have persisted for the last two days.
- Prevention of HypertensionIn case of the individual whose family genetic history is analyzed, the major factor that has to be considered in the context of hypertension, is diet.
- The Concept and Prevention of HypertensionThe present paper will consider the topic of hypertension prevention with a focus on diets to develop a teaching plan for J.M.D.
- Diabetes and Hypertension Avoiding RecommendationsIt is vital to develop a system of health recommendations that would promote the prevention of diabetes in Hispanic Americans.
- Hypertension Prevention Plan ProposalThe proposed plan will emphasize helping such categories of patients as older adults, patients with obesity to recognize their health risks.
- COPD, Heart Failure, Hypertension and Diabetes MellitusThe paper aims to address health problems associated with high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. It involves analyzing patients’ lifestyles.
🏆 Best Hypertension Essay Titles
- Albuminuria, Hypertension, and Reduced Kidney Volumes in Adolescents Born Extremely Premature
- Biological Context Linking Hypertension and Higher Risk for COVID-19 Severity
- Blood Pressure Reduction Combining Baroreflex Restoration for Stroke Prevention in Hypertension in Rats
- Cardiac and Vascular Target Organ Damage in Pediatric Hypertension
- Cardiovascular Alterations and Management of Patients With White Coat Hypertension
- Cerebral Amyloid and Hypertension are Independently Associated with White Matter Lesions in Elderly
- Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension in a Child With Sickle Cell Disease
- Coherence and Coupling Functions Reveal Microvascular Impairment in Treated Hypertension
- Cultural Congruent Hypertension Prevention Strategies for African Americans
- Developmental Origins and Nephron Endowment in Hypertension
- Dietary Pattern, Hypertension and Cognitive Function in an Older Population
- Early-Stage Ocular Hypertension Alters Retinal Ganglion Cell Synaptic Transmission in the Visual Thalamus
- Editorial: Hypertension During Pregnancy and Future Risk of Cardiovascular and Other Long-Term Health Outcomes
- Epigenetic Regulation and Its Therapeutic Potential in Pulmonary Hypertension
- Familial Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in Two Non-obese Chinese Sisters
- Genetically Encoded Calcium Indicators: A New Tool in Renal Hypertension Research
- Ghrelin Axis Reveals the Interacting Influence of Central Obesity and Hypertension
- High Blood Pressure and the Measures to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease of Hypertension
- Hypertension Among Tribal Population Health And Social Care
- Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Signaling and Experimental Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn
- Integrative Bioinformatics Approaches for Identification of Drug Targets in Hypertension
- Maprotiline Prevents Monocrotaline-Induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Rats
- Ocular Hypertension Drives Remodeling of AMPA Receptors in Select Populations of Retinal Ganglion Cells
- Perioptic Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension
- Potential Deep Brain Stimulation Targets for the Management of Refractory Hypertension
- Reduced Renal Mass, Salt-Sensitive Hypertension Is Resistant to Renal Denervation
- Relationship Between Hypertension And Music Therapy
- Renal Glomerular Mitochondria Function in Salt-Sensitive Hypertension
- Self Reported Hypertension and Use Of Antihypertensive Medication
- Shared and Differential Retinal Responses against Optic Nerve Injury and Ocular Hypertension
- The Association between Height and Hypertension in Indonesia
- The Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options for Hypertension
- The Dynamic Scleral Extracellular Matrix Alterations in Chronic Ocular Hypertension Model of Rats
- The Mystery Behind the Persistence of Cystic Fibrosis, Tay-Sachs Disease, and Hypertension
- The Pathophysiology and Treatment of Hypertension in Patients With Cushing’s Syndrome
- Transitioning Between Prostanoid Therapies in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
- Tsantan Sumtang Restored Right Ventricular Function in Chronic Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension Rats
- Vasculo-Neuronal Coupling and Neurovascular Coupling at the Neurovascular Unit: Impact of Hypertension
- The Role of Toll-Like Receptors in Endothelial Cells and Pulmonary Hypertension
- Workplace Status and Risk of Hypertension Among Hourly and Salaried Aluminum Manufacturing Employees
❓ Hypertension Research Questions
- Does Hypertension Produce Symptoms?
- Is There Such a Thing as Nervous Hypertension?
- How to Start Prevention of Hypertension Early in Life?
- Is There a Direct Relationship Between Obesity and Hypertension?
- Why Is Hypertension More Common During the Menopause?
- What Are the Consequences of Hypertension if It Is Not Controlled?
- Is Erectile Dysfunction Common in Patients With Hypertension?
- Why Is It Important for Patients With Hypertension to Exercise Regularly?
- What Is the Recommended Daily Intake of Salt for Someone With Hypertension?
- What Is the Maximum Daily Consumption of Alcohol for Someone With Hypertension?
- Can Hypertension Be Cured?
- Does Education Reduce the Risk of Hypertension?
- Does Masked Hypertension Cause Early Left Ventricular Impairment in Youth?
- Does Serum Uric Acid Status Influence the Association Between Left Atrium Diameter and Atrial Fibrillation in Hypertension Patients?
- Is the Prevalence of Hypertension Lower in Women Compared With Men in All Life Stages?
- What Does Basic Testing for Primary Hypertension Include?
- What Methods Can Be Used to Exclude White Coat Hypertension and Detect Masked Hypertension?
- What Is the Preferred Treatment in Resistant Hypertension?
- How to Manage High Hypertension in Adults With Stroke and Cerebral Vascular Disease?
- What Are the Lifestyle Modifications Recommended for Patients With Hypertension?