|Definition||Ebola fever is an acute, presumably zoonotic disease from the group of viral hemorrhagic fevers, occurring with a pronounced hemorrhagic syndrome.|
|History||First outbreaks of the disease caused by the Ebola virus were recorded in 1976 in the villages of Central and East Africa – Yambuku (Democratic Republic of the Congo) and Nzara (Sudan). The last and most severe epidemic outbreak occurred in 2014, after which the disease was recognized as a global threat.|
|Symptoms||The onset of the disease is acute, with an increase in body temperature to 38-39° C, headache, myalgia and arthralgia, malaise, nausea. At the height of the disease, indomitable vomiting, abdominal pain, and hemorrhagic diarrhea with feces in the form of melena join.|
|Causes||The causative agent of Ebola is an RNA genomic virus of the genus Filovirus of the family Filoviridae.|
|Virology||The polytropy of the virus determines the possibility of infection through contact with the blood of patients, sexual and aerosol routes, when using common household items and eating together. It has been established that infection with Ebola fever is mainly realized through direct contact with infected material. The disease is highly contagious and is transmitted when the virus enters the skin and mucous membranes.|
|Prevention||In order to avoid infection with a dangerous virus, doctors recommend refraining from business and tourist trips to West African countries affected by the epidemic. It is also very important to practice good hygiene, including cleaning hands with alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and running water.|
|Diagnostic Method||PCR, ELISA, immunofluorescence methods, serological tests are used to determine Ebola. Methods are available only in well-equipped virological laboratories with a strict anti-epidemic regime. In the field, a complex diagnostics for RIF or solid-phase enzyme immunoassay test systems can be used to detect antigens of the Ebola and Marburg viruses, as well as antibodies to them.|
|Treatment||Although the Ebola virus was discovered almost 40 years ago, there are still no registered drugs to fight it. The therapy consists mainly in eliminating the effect of toxins on the patient’s body, combating dehydration that occurs due to prolonged diarrhea, manifestations of hemorrhage.|
|Duration||With a favorable course of the disease, clinical recovery occurs after two to three weeks, but the recovery period continues for the next two to three months.|
|Prognosis||The most likely to survive in people who are in good physical shape, with a stable immune system. If an infected person does not recover within 7-16 days after the onset of the first symptoms, then the likelihood of death increases.|
|Complications||Multiple necrosis, internal bleedings, infection intoxication, and hypovolemic shock are the most common complications of Ebola that can lead to death.|
|Frequency in Population||During the Ebola epidemic in 2014, there were more than 10 thousands of confirmed cases.|
|Deaths||Mortality from the disease can reach 90%, but during the current outbreak it is about 60-70%. In the epidemic of 2014, almost 5 thousand people died for Ebola and its complications.|
|Society||The world healthcare industry recognizes Ebola as a global threat to society, especially in poor regions of South Africa.|
📝 Ebola Research Papers Examples
- Disaster and Disease Outbreak: Preparedness and ResponseAny disasters, regardless of being of natural or artificial cause, pose an immense threat to public health on local, national, and international levels.
- Communicable Diseases in the US: Health Policy BriefCommunicable diseases are classified as diseases that can be passed from one person to another through different mediums.
- Infectious Disease in the American SocietyThe American healthcare society has a lot to learn from both cases. The diseases took thousands of lives and were difficult to handle.
🏆 Best Ebola Essay Titles
- Describing the Ebola Virus and How It Spreads
- Ebola, Its Transmission, Symptoms, Signs, Treatment, History, and Research
- The Hot Zone, the Ebola and Marburg Viruses
- Hemorrhagic Fever Ebola Resistant Virus
- The Ebola Outbreak and Poor Medical Infrastructure
- Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Virus-Infected Outbreaks
- The Reasons Why the Ebola Virus Is a Serious Issue and How To Prevent Infection
- The Origins, Types, Causes, and Effects of the Ebola Virus, a Modern-Day Plague
- The Terrible Killer Virus Called Ebola
- Finding Treatment for Ebola and the United States
- Viral Hemorrhagic Fever and Ebola Virus Species
- Ebola Vaccine Raise Ethical Issues, Randomized Studies May Offer Faster
- Biological and Historical Information on the Ebola Virus
- The Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Therapy for Ebola Virus
- The Health Disaster Caused by the Outbreak of the Ebola Virus in Zaire
- The Origins, History, and Impact of the Ebola Virus
- The World Should Help Each Other To Eliminate the Spread of Ebola
- Ebola Examination for Americans Coming to the US
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Cases of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States
- Epidemiological Data Management During an Outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease
- The Past, the Present and the Future of the Ebola Virus
- Comparing the Similarities and Differences Between Ebola and Aids
- Ebola Outbreak Containment: Real-time Task and Resource Coordination With Cormac
- Ebola Viral Disease Outbreak-2014: Implications and Pitfalls
- Viral Hemorrhagic Fever and Ebola Patients
- Understanding Ebola and the Ways to Prevent It
- Animal Models for Ebola and Marburg Virus Infections
- The Prevention, Treatment, and Control of Ebola
- Ebola Viral Infections Market Size, Share, Analysis and Outlook 2016
- West African Children Orphaned by Ebola
- The Origin, Prevalence, and Effects of the Ebola Virus in Africa
- Ebola Virus Infection Treatment & Management
- The Main Problems and Suggestions Regarding the Spread of the Ebola Disease in Africa
- Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Induces an Innate Immune Response in Vivo via TLR4
- Understanding the Origin Symptoms and Transmission of Ebola
- Ebola Virus and Government Quarantine Procedures To Prevent Outbreaks
- Diagnosis and Therapeutic Strategies of Ebola Virus
- Biological Warfare and Descriptions of Ebola and Anthrax
- Ebola Like Virus Called Motaba Biology
- World Health Organization Ebola and Leishmaniasis
❓ Ebola Research Questions
- What Are the Challenges in Modeling and Identifying Ebola Virus Infection?
- How Does Ebola Infection Work Through Endocytosis?
- Why Are Ebola Medicines Not Enough?
- Effective Fighting Ebola With New Spore Decontamination Technologies?
- What Methods Can Prevent the Spread of Ebola Virus?
- Ebola: Worldwide Annihilation?
- What Is the Effectiveness of the Vaccine Against Ebola Virus Disease?
- What Is the Glycoprotein Modification in the Ebola Virus?
- Ebola Outbreak: What Are the Lessons Learned and the Challenges Ahead?
- Why Is a Ban on Trade in West African Regions Not Helping To Solve the Ebola Outbreak?
- Why Does Ebola Virus Disease Show Signs of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Syndrome?
- What Are the Key Questions and Recommendations for the Ebola Outbreak in Africa?
- How Did West-African Countries Handle the Ebola Virus?
- What Are the Factors That Make the Ebola Virus Deadly and Dangerous to Humans?
- What Is the Epidemiology and Hotbed of Ebola?
- How Does Ebola Affect the Human Body?
- Where Are Regulations Regarding Ebola?
- Why Was the Ebola Epidemic So Deadly?
- What Are the Responses to the Ebola Outbreak Crisis?
- How Can Ebola Affect US?
- What Are the Similarities Between Cholera and Ebola?
- What Caused the Ebola Virus Outbreak in Zaire?
- What Are the Key Ebola Issues and Observations in Sierra Leone?
- What Is the Assessment of the Ebola Epidemic, Kai Kupferschmidt?
- Who Should Receive Experimental Treatment of Ebola?
- Why U.S. Military Shouldn’t Fight Ebola in Africa?