|Definition||Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is also called Koch’s bacillus.|
|History||Mycobacterium tuberculosis was discovered on March 24, 1882 by the German microbiologist Robert Koch, and since 1993, at the initiative of the World Health Organization, March 24 has been declared World Tuberculosis Day.|
|Symptoms||Clinical manifestations include cough with or without sputum with the release of mucous or mucopurulent sputum for more than 2 weeks, loss of appetite and weight, a slight increase in body temperature, and fatigue. Increased sweating (especially at night) and the appearance of shortness of breath with little physical exertion also may indicate tuberculosis.|
|Causes||The causative agent of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Koch’s bacillus).|
|Virology||Tuberculosis is transmitted by airborne droplets. Even a single inhalation of tuberculosis mycobacteria can lead to the development of the disease, but more often close contact with the patient leads to tuberculosis. The source is a person with tuberculosis.|
|Prevention||Prevention of tuberculosis in adulthood is the annual dispensary observation and detection of the disease in the early stages. In order to detect tuberculosis in the early stages, adults need to undergo a fluorographic examination in a polyclinic at least once a year. Moreover, vaccination is the most reliable method of preventing tuberculosis.|
|Diagnostic Method||Due to the fact that the disease does not manifest itself in the initial stages, special attention is paid to preventive examinations. Adults should undergo chest x-rays every year, and children are given a Manteaux test (tuberculin) or diaskintest, aimed at identifying the degree of infection of the body with a tubercle bacillus and tissue reactivity. There are also alternative blood tests: T-SPOT test and quantiferon test.|
|Treatment||Tuberculosis diagnosed early can be treated with antibiotics. Usually 4-5 drugs are prescribed, which should be taken strictly according to the scheme designed by the doctor. In addition to drug treatment, patients are advised to do breathing exercises, strengthen the immune system, and undergo physiotherapy.|
|Duration||Usually, positive results are achieved within six months of active treatment. During this period, the foci of infection heal, symptoms disappear, the disease becomes closed.|
|Prognosis||With timely diagnosis and proper therapy, the disease is curable. However, on the affected areas, scars and encapsulated foci may remain, in which the bacteria are in an inactive state. With a decrease in immunity, a relapse is possible, so all patients should be registered at the dispensary and regularly examined. In this case, the tuberculin test will give a positive result even after a complete cure.|
|Complications||Without effective treatment, tuberculosis can lead to the following complications: tuberculosis of the spine, tuberculous arthritis, tuberculous meningitis, nephrotuberculosis, tuberculosis of the liver, and tuberculosis of the heart.|
|Frequency in Population||According to WHO, in 2020, an estimated 10 million people fell ill with tuberculosis worldwide: 5.6 million men, 3.3 million women, and 1.1 million children.|
|Deaths||A total of 1.5 million people died from TB in 2020, including 214 000 people with HIV.|
|Society||People with tuberculosis are usually ostracized by the society, as there is a common belief that it is the disease of inmates, alcoholics, and drug addicts. WHO works towards debunking that particular myth.|
📝 Tuberculosis Research Papers Examples
- Tuberculosis ProblemTuberculosis is one of the most topical health problems specialists face today as one-third of the world`s population is affected by this disease.
- Epidemiology: AIDS, Syphilis, Tuberculosis in Miami-DadeThis analysis focuses on such infectious diseases as AIDS, syphilis, and tuberculosis, which are rather frequent among the citizens of Miami-Dade County.
- Epidemiology: Tuberculosis and Its TransmissionTuberculosis is one of the most dangerous infectious diseases that affect people’s lungs and may lead to death.
- Community Teaching Work Plan: Tuberculosis IssuesThis paper presents the community teaching work project that concentrates on the best measures to tackle the problem of tuberculosis.
- Tuberculosis as a Global Health RiskThis report examines the contributing factors of TB, prevention strategies, symptoms, diagnosis, medical management, advanced practice nursing role, and a follow-up care guideline.
- Extensively Drug Resistant TuberculosisTuberculosis refers to a bacterial infection that basically affects the lungs, and its mode of transmission is via air droplets released during coughing, spitting, sneezing, or talking.
🏆 Best Tuberculosis Essay Titles
- Information and Disease Prevention: Tuberculosis Dispensaries
- Health System Determinants of Tuberculosis Mortality in South Africa
- Pathogen-derived Biomarkers for Active Tuberculosis Diagnosis
- Incentivized Peer Referrals for Tuberculosis Screening: Evidence From India
- Gut Dysbiosis Thwarts the Efficacy of Vaccine Against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- Altered Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Cell Wall Metabolism and Physiology Associated With Rpob Mutation H526D
- Monocyte Subsets: Phenotypes and Function in Tuberculosis Infection
- Lung Tissue Resident Memory T-cells in the Immune Response to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- The Host Microbiota Contributes to Early Protection Against Lung Colonization by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- Tuberculosis and Its Effects on the World’s Population
- Public Health Disease Management of Tuberculosis
- Diagnosis for Latent Tuberculosis Infection: New Alternatives
- BCG Vaccination and Who’s Global Strategy for Tuberculosis Control 1948-1983
- Epidemiology, Tuberculosis, and the Homeless Population
- Drug Resistance Rising Among Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
- Perspective for Precision Medicine for Tuberculosis
- Tuberculosis: The Trials for the Development of a New Vaccine
- Anti-tuberculosis Drug-induced Liver Injury Effects
- Host Blood Rna Transcript and Protein Signatures for Sputum-independent Diagnostics of Tuberculosis in Adults
- Positive Tuberculosis Blood Test as a Predictor of Health Status Among HIV-infected Persons
- Factors Influencing the Perceived Priority of Tuberculosis in India
- Cytokine Biomarkers Associated With Human Extra-pulmonary Tuberculosis Clinical Strains and Symptoms
- Clinical Manifestations and Outcomes of Tuberculosis in Children Under 2 Years of Age in Catalonia
- Ontology With SVM Based Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Statistical Analysis
- HIV and Tuberculosis Infection in Sub- Saharan Africa
- Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Virulence
- Modeling the Metabolic State of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Upon Infection
- Artificial Neural Networks for Prediction of Tuberculosis Disease
- Host-directed Therapeutic Strategies for Tuberculosis
- Animal Models for Tuberculosis in Translational and Precision Medicine
- The National Tuberculosis Control Programme in South India
- The Prevention and Control Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Tuberculosis
- HPLC: Techniques Used for the Diagnostic of Ancient Tuberculosis Remains
- Incidence Rates for Tuberculosis Among HIV Infected Patients in Northern Tanzania
- Mycobacterial Dormancy Systems and Host Responses in Tuberculosis
- Infant Alveolar Macrophages Are Unable to Contain Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Effectively
- Host Antimicrobial Peptides: The Promise of New Treatment Strategies Against Tuberculosis
- Examining the Complex Relationship Between Tuberculosis and Other Infectious Diseases in Children
- Reassessing Twenty Years of Vaccine Development Against Tuberculosis
- Diagnosis and Treatment of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis
❓ Tuberculosis Research Questions
- Why Have Historians Accused Columbus of Spreading Tuberculosis Around the World?
- What Is the Protocol for Tuberculosis Care?
- What Are the Socio-cultural Factors That Influence Tuberculosis Prevention and Care in Immigrant Communities?
- What Is the Link Between Cystic Fibrosis and Tuberculosis?
- How Is Tuberculosis and Its Impact on Society?
- What Are the Methods Used To Diagnose Ancient Tuberculosis Rhemes?
- Hat Is the Link Between Tuberculosis and Poverty?
- Why Does NF-Kb Signaling Play a Key Role in Infection Control in Tuberculosis?
- What Is the Etiology, Symptoms, and Pathogenicity of Tuberculosis?
- How Is Tuberculosis Therapy Carried Out Under the Control of the Morphoproteome?
- What Are the Current and New Approaches to the Development of Tuberculosis Vaccines?
- What Are the Important Determinants in Tuberculosis?
- Aid and the Control of Tuberculosis in Papua New Guinea: Is Australia’s Assistance Cost-effective?
- How Do TB Dispensaries Prevent White Death?
- What Is the Topical Application of Zinc Supplementation During Tuberculosis Skin Testing?
- How Does Tuberculosis Affect the Lungs?
- Why Target Tuberculosis Health and Social Care?
- How Resistant Is Tuberculosis to Antibiotics?
- Myeloid C-type Lectin Receptors in Tuberculosis and HIV Immunity: Insights Into Co-infection?
- How Do Gut Microbiome Signatures Distinguish Between Healthy and TB Patients?
- What Are the Differences and Similarities Between Pneumonia and Tuberculosis?
- What Is the Origin and History of Tuberculosis?
- What Is the Link Between Travel and Tuberculosis Infections?
- How Can the TB Vaccine Help Stop the Development of Multiple Sclerosis?
- Tuberculosis and Typhus Fever: Diseases of Class in 19Th-century England
- Are Pharmaceutical Aerosols Effective for Treating and Preventing Tuberculosis?
- What Are the Pathogenic Processes of Tuberculosis?
- How Does Simvastatin Enhance the Immune Response Against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis?
- Why Is Tuberculosis The Deadliest Bacterial Pathogen?
- What Are the Parental Experiences and Prospects for Successful Treatment of Childhood Tuberculosis in Malaysia?