Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria

Cite this

Healthy people

Healthy people 2020 initiative aims at improving public health and ensuring equity in community health for the U.S citizens. It creates diseases prevention strategies and health programs over the United States counties.

Cut 15% OFF your first order
We’ll deliver a custom Epidemiology paper tailored to your requirements with a good discount
Use discount
322 specialists online

The health people 2020 is defined as the ‘‘roadmap’’ for national health support and disease anticipation strategies. Healthy people 2020 is a process under which scientific researches help the state in understanding the current health challenges and how they can be avoided in near future of 10 years periods by creating new methods and facilities of fighting diseases.

Objectives and Goals

  • Produce health fairness, abolish differences, and develop people’s health within the states
  • Uphold value of life, improvement in health, and people’s health in all stages of life
  • Achieve elevated value, extended lives free of injury, premature death, and disability
  • Build communal and physical surroundings that support excellent heath for the entire community

Health People 2020 Health Indicators

  • Clinical Preventive Services
  • Access to Health Services

According to Doshi, Patel, Mackay, and Wallach (2009), to ensure healthy people in the near future, the healthy people laid down various objectives to be achieved over the period of 10 years. The objectives were made available in the Healthy people website in order to involve others by encouraging them to give their views. Their views and comments were highly appreciated as they led to serious discussion and review among the Federal Interagency Workgroup, thus, equality among the member states.

Epidemiological and surveillance data

As indicated by Kindig, Asada, and Booske (2008), Florida Department of Health Bureau of Epidemiology, communicable disease epidemiology section, division of disease control, the 2010 Surveillance System State and County Data Report was made possible due to the support of almost Florida’s 67 county health departments. The survey was conducted among the Florida inhabitants at the age of 18 and above, the aim was to collect data about chosen health conditions, individual health performances, and the most available methods of health prevention among the county’s adults. The survey indicated that Miami city has 2,477,658 grown-up, but only 505 grown-up responded during the survey.

Communicable Diseases

Three communicable diseases identified in the county include:

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is usually spread from the infected person to the other through the air.

Symptoms

  • very severe pain in the chest
  • Presence of severe fever
  • problems and fatigueless during breathing
  • Long-term coughing
  • Increased sweating during night times
  • continual weight lose

Plan of action to Contain the disease basing on healthy people 2020

  • Organizing TB research projects to create better medicines
  • Providing free TB check up and treatments
  • Providing prevention strategies such as use of vaccines such as BCG
  • Educating communities on prevention methods
  • Engaging in partnership with various organizations for TB battle

TB has increased death rate in the year of 2010 leaving over 10 million children without families, thus minimizing economic productivity leading to increased poverty within states. According to Doshi, Patel, Mackay, and Wallach (2009), World Health Organization takes the responsibilities of building happy societies free from tuberculosis by laying down prevention strategies. It is organized under various functions that ensure minimization of tuberculosis transmission. Its functions in fighting TB include; Organizing TB research projects to create better medicines, providing free TB check up and treatments, providing prevention strategies such as use of vaccines like BCG, educating communities on prevention methods, and engaging in partnership with various organizations for TB battle. WHO has also come up with strategies that aim at stopping TB. For instance, the term ‘‘STOP TB’’ has been suggested to play part within the state. However, being one of the strategies for fighting TB, it has been structured to encourage public and private actions in fighting TB. The strategy was to ensure high quality treatment and patients’ support, empowering the affected persons by partnering with them, ensuring timely drug supply within the state, offering free TB check up, and educating people on MDRTB and how to avoid it.

On-Time Delivery!
Get your customized and 100% plagiarism-free paper done in as little as 3 hours
Let’s start
322 specialists online

TB was identified in the community through diagnosis.

Effect of TB in the Community

  • Increased orphaned children
  • Increased mortality rate
  • Decreased economic production
  • Increased government spending
  • Decreased human resource

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

AIDS results from the HIV virus, which is transmitted from the HIV positive person to the uninfected person through blood fluid, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.

Symptoms

  • Increased skin rashes
  • Prolonged weight loss
  • Increased nausea and vomiting
  • Prolonged mouth sores and thrush

The disease was identified through various blood tests.

As indicated by Kindig, Asada, and Booske (2008), HIV/AIDS is the leading killer virus affecting over 30% of Miami residents. It is destroying economic productive people such as youth, thus, low production. However, most of the children are being orphaned by HIV/AIDS resulting to increased prostitution, theft etc.

Effects in the community

  • Increased death rates
  • High rate of orphaned children
  • Minimization of future human resources
  • Increased government spending

Plan of action to contain AIDS basing on 2020 healthy people

  • Offering free antiretroviral medicine
  • Offering prevention methods such as abstaining or use of condom
  • Educating people on how they can get HIV
  • Funding on HIV projects aimed at distributing resources within the county

Malaria

Malaria is a chronic disease that is caused by the intracellular protozoa of plasmodium genus.

Get a custom-written paper
For only $13.00 $11/page you can get a custom-written academic paper according to your instructions
Let us help you
322 specialists online

Symptoms

  • Severe headache
  • Increased temperature in the body
  • Increased sweating during night times
  • Lack of appetite
  • Increased nausea and vomiting
  • Mouth sores

Diagnosis

Malaria is identified by use of microscope which uses a drop of patient’s blood. The drop is thoroughly examined by spreading it on the microscope slide

According to Doshi, Patel, Mackay, and Wallach (2009), the children below 18 years old are the most affected by malaria, thus leading to high infant death rate. It has led to destruction of future human resources thus decreased economic productivity.

Effects in the community

  • Leads to high mortality rate among the children and pregnant women
  • Increases government spending
  • Decreased human resource

Plan of action to contain malaria basing on 2020 healthy people

  • Provision of free mosquito nets to all families
  • Engaging in partnership with various organizations for Malaria battle
  • Funding on research projects aimed in improving treatment

References

Doshi, R. K., Patel, G., Mackay, R., & Wallach, F. (2009). Healthcare associated infections: Epidemiology, prevention, and therapy. Mt. Sinai Journal of Medicine 76(1):84-94.

Kindig, D. A., Asada, Y., & Booske, B. (2008). A population health framework for setting national and state health goals. Journal of the Medical Society 299(17):2081-2083.

Cite this paper

Select style

Reference

NursingBird. (2022, May 4). Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria. Retrieved from https://nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/

Reference

NursingBird. (2022, May 4). Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria. https://nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/

Work Cited

"Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria." NursingBird, 4 May 2022, nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/.

References

NursingBird. (2022) 'Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria'. 4 May.

References

NursingBird. 2022. "Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria." May 4, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/.

1. NursingBird. "Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria." May 4, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/.


Bibliography


NursingBird. "Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, Malaria." May 4, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/healthy-people-2020-on-tuberculosis-aids-malaria/.