|Definition||Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites (Plasmodium malaria) that are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the bites of malarial mosquitoes. The disease is most common in tropical countries.|
|History||Malaria is believed to be native to West Africa (P. falciparum) and Central Africa (P. vivax). Molecular genetic evidence suggests that the preparasitic ancestor of Plasmodium was a free-living protozoan capable of photosynthesis that adapted to live in the gut of aquatic invertebrates. In 1880, the French military doctor Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, who worked in Algeria, discovered a living unicellular organism in the blood cells of a malaria patient. A year later, the scientist published in the medical press an article “The parasitic nature of malaria: a description of a new parasite found in the blood of malaria patients.” This was the first time that protozoa had been identified as the cause of a disease.|
|Symptoms||The disease begins with malaise, weakness, headache, pain in the muscles, joints, lower back, dry mouth, then a sharp increase in temperature, vomiting, indigestion, cough, disorders of the nervous and other systems of the body.|
|Causes||The source of the causative agent of malaria is a sick person or parasite carrier, and the carrier is mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.|
|Virology||In the body of mosquitoes that have drunk the blood of a sick person, a large number of active malarial parasites are formed. When the mosquito bites, parasites first enter the bloodstream, then the cells of the human liver.|
|Prevention||Main safety methods include mosquito control, treatment of premises with insecticides, and prevention of mosquito bites.|
|Diagnostic Method||The main method for diagnosing malaria is parasitological – the detection of malarial plasmodia in peripheral blood (from a finger). A blood test for malaria in febrile patients can be performed regardless of the stage of development of the disease.|
|Treatment||Treatment of a patient with malaria should be carried out only in a hospital with antimalarial drugs, under the strict supervision of a physician.|
|Duration||Symptoms of the disease appear 7 days or more (average 10-15 days) after being bitten by an infected mosquito. In some cases, symptoms may linger for up to 5-12 months.|
|Prognosis||If treatment is not started within the first 24 hours, malaria can develop into a serious disease, often fatal.|
|Complications||Possible complications include cerebral edema, acute renal failure, heart failure, serious damage by parasites to various internal organs, malarial coma, and mental disorders.|
|Frequency in Population||Between 300 and 600 million people are infected with malaria each year, and according to WHO, this figure is increasing by 16% annually.|
|Deaths||Every year, 1,5 to 3 million people die from malaria.|
|Society||Over the past decade, malaria has moved from third place in terms of the number of deaths per year – after pneumonia and tuberculosis – to the first among infectious diseases. This caused the global healthcare industry to alert the society to the dangers of malaria.|
📝 Malaria Research Papers Examples
- Global Health Issue: Malaria DiseaseMultiple global health issues should be controlled by the healthcare sector to provide proper protection to people. Malaria, an extremely life-threatening disease, is one of them.
- Infectious Diseases and Healthy People 2020 ProgramThe implemented illness surveillance organizations and health facilities are vital in defending public wellbeing and replying to outbursts of epidemics befall in times of disaster.
- Epidemiology: Malaria, AIDS, Hepatitis B in MiamiThe key outbreaks of malaria in Miami and other cities in Florida were documented in 2003 and 2012. In both situations, the disease was identified due to unusual flu-like symptoms.
- Medical Negligence Towards a Patient: Malaria CaseThis paper presents information that is built around a Malaria infected patient who dies in hospital after an anaphylactic reaction to penicillin.
- ‘Severely Imported Falciparum Malaria’ by Brunee et al.The article ‘Severely Imported Falciparum Malaria’ by Brunee et al. seeks to carry out a large study on imported Malaria in non-endemic industrialized countries.
- Infection Importation: Malaria Elimination on Bioko IslandThe paper analyzes the article by Bradley et al. titled “Infection importation: a key challenge to malaria elimination on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.”
- Review of Articles on Medical Diseases and ProblemsThe article was written by several medical researchers and the study was supported by the National Institute for Health Research.
- Malaria: Epidemiologic Triangle & Prevention LevelsMalaria is an infectious disease not only because it is caused by microbial agents, but also because it is passed from person to person.
- Healthy People 2020 on Tuberculosis, AIDS, MalariaThis paper discusses the Healthy People 2020 initiative in Florida for communicable diseases, specifically, tuberculosis, AIDS, and malaria.
🏆 Best Malaria Essay Titles
- Natural Immunity Against Malaria
- Malaria and Typhoid Fever Infection Rates in Pregnant Women
- Malaria and Its Effects on the World Health Organization
- Imported Malaria Cases and Fatality in the UK
- Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
- Advances and Challenges for the Malaria Vaccine
- Disease Control and Prevention: Malaria
- Hemoglobinopathy for Malaria Protection
- Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence From Paraguay and Sri Lanka
- Malaria and the Problem of Global Justice by Thomas Nagel
- Product Costing- Traditional Methods and Activity
The central difference between the Activity-Based Costing model and other costing models is the treatment of indirect costs.
- Maternal-fetal Conflict During Infection: Lessons From a Mouse Model of Placental Malaria
- Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India
- Malaria Vaccines: Identifying Plasmodium Falciparum Liver-stage Targets
- Malaria Incidence and Agricultural Efficiency in Uganda
- Naturally Acquired Humoral Immunity Against Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
- Malaria and Its Effects on Human History
- Environmental Social and Genetic Risk Factors for Malaria
- Malaria Prevention Among Children in Africa
- Malaria: Causes, Prevention, and Treatments
- Managing Malaria Using Nursing Practices
- Malaria Causes and Risk Factors
- Malaria and Its Effects on Human Civilization
- Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States
- The Public Health Service: Malaria and the Panama Canal
- Host-malaria Parasite Interactions and Impacts on Mutual Evolution
- Medical Syncretism Concerning Malaria in a Tanzanian Community
- Inflammation of the Liver Provides Protective Immunity Against the Liver Stages of the Malaria Parasite
- Malaria: Investigating Malaria Parasites and Gene Expression
- Host-Malaria Parasite Interactions and Impacts on Mutual Evolution
- Nanotechnology Against Ebola, Alzheimer Infection and Malaria
- Malaria and Intestinal Helminth Co-infection Among Pregnant Women in Ghana
- Liver-inherent Immune System: Its Role in Blood-stage Malaria
- Malaria Control and Infant Mortality in Africa
- Malaria and the Issue of Who Should Provide Vaccination Coverage
- Mining the Human Host Metabolome Toward an Improved Understanding of Malaria Transmission
- Malaria Transmission, Therapy, and Treatment, Prevention
- Insecticide Treated Nets for Tackling Malaria in Children
- Malaria Infection and Fetal Growth During the War: Evidence From Liberia
- Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Open the Pandoras Box In Severe Malaria
- Malaria Eradication and Economic Outcomes in Sub-saharan Africa: Evidence From Uganda
❓ Malaria Research Questions
- What Are Several Different Effects That Malaria Can Cause?
- What Determines Providers’ Stated Preference for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria?
- What Is the Life Cycle of the Malaria Vaccine?
- Does Malaria Cause Diarrhoea?
- Why Is the Incubation Period Different for Different Types of Malaria?
- Does Malaria Control Impact Education?
- What Are the Prevention and Treatment Strategies for Malaria?
- Why Does New Malaria Pose a Threat to Humans?
- Malaria and Hypertension: Another Co-evolutionary Adaptation?
- What Is the Assessment of the Risk of Developing New Malaria?
- What Is the Main Causative Agent of Malaria?
- What Is the Relationship Between Malaria and Sickle Cell Anemia?
- Does Reducing Malaria Improve Household Living Standards?
- What Are the New Strategies for Malaria Vaccine Development?
- How Malaria Affects Children in Ghana?
- What Are the Outlook for a New Malaria Vaccine?
- What Is the Risk of Severe Malaria in the Modern World?
- How Malaria and the Sickle Cell Disease Are Linked?
- Why Are Vaccines Needed for Malaria?
- Malaria and Protective Behaviours: Is There a Malaria Trap?
- What Are the New Malaria Vaccine Development Strategies?
- Malaria and the Liver: Immunological Hide-and-Seek or Subversion of Immunity From Within?
- What Are the New Malaria Treatments?
- Can Benefits From Malaria Eradication Be Increased in Costa Rica?
- When Was the First Malaria Vaccine Made?
- What Matters and What Does Not in Households’ Decision to Invest in Malaria Prevention?
- What Is the Molecular and Cellular Basis of the Biology of Malaria Infection?
- How Does Parasitic Malaria Propagate Through the Host Mosquito?
- What Is the Mosquito Microbiome and Its Impact on Malaria Transmission?
- How Malaria Affects the Human Body?