|Definition||Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites (Plasmodium malaria) that are transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person through the bites of malarial mosquitoes. The disease is most common in tropical countries.|
|History||Malaria is believed to be native to West Africa (P. falciparum) and Central Africa (P. vivax). Molecular genetic evidence suggests that the preparasitic ancestor of Plasmodium was a free-living protozoan capable of photosynthesis that adapted to live in the gut of aquatic invertebrates. In 1880, the French military doctor Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, who worked in Algeria, discovered a living unicellular organism in the blood cells of a malaria patient. A year later, the scientist published in the medical press an article “The parasitic nature of malaria: a description of a new parasite found in the blood of malaria patients.” This was the first time that protozoa had been identified as the cause of a disease.|
|Symptoms||The disease begins with malaise, weakness, headache, pain in the muscles, joints, lower back, dry mouth, then a sharp increase in temperature, vomiting, indigestion, cough, disorders of the nervous and other systems of the body.|
|Causes||The source of the causative agent of malaria is a sick person or parasite carrier, and the carrier is mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.|
|Virology||In the body of mosquitoes that have drunk the blood of a sick person, a large number of active malarial parasites are formed. When the mosquito bites, parasites first enter the bloodstream, then the cells of the human liver.|
|Prevention||Main safety methods include mosquito control, treatment of premises with insecticides, and prevention of mosquito bites.|
|Diagnostic Method||The main method for diagnosing malaria is parasitological – the detection of malarial plasmodia in peripheral blood (from a finger). A blood test for malaria in febrile patients can be performed regardless of the stage of development of the disease.|
|Treatment||Treatment of a patient with malaria should be carried out only in a hospital with antimalarial drugs, under the strict supervision of a physician.|
|Duration||Symptoms of the disease appear 7 days or more (average 10-15 days) after being bitten by an infected mosquito. In some cases, symptoms may linger for up to 5-12 months.|
|Prognosis||If treatment is not started within the first 24 hours, malaria can develop into a serious disease, often fatal.|
|Complications||Possible complications include cerebral edema, acute renal failure, heart failure, serious damage by parasites to various internal organs, malarial coma, and mental disorders.|
|Frequency in Population||Between 300 and 600 million people are infected with malaria each year, and according to WHO, this figure is increasing by 16% annually.|
|Deaths||Every year, 1,5 to 3 million people die from malaria.|
|Society||Over the past decade, malaria has moved from third place in terms of the number of deaths per year – after pneumonia and tuberculosis – to the first among infectious diseases. This caused the global healthcare industry to alert the society to the dangers of malaria.|
📝 Malaria Research Papers Examples
- Global Health Issue: Malaria DiseaseMultiple global health issues should be controlled by the healthcare sector to provide proper protection to people. Malaria, an extremely life-threatening disease, is one of them.
- Epidemiology: Malaria, AIDS, Hepatitis B in MiamiThe key outbreaks of malaria in Miami and other cities in Florida were documented in 2003 and 2012. In both situations, the disease was identified due to unusual flu-like symptoms.
- Medical Negligence Towards a Patient: Malaria CaseThis paper presents information that is built around a Malaria infected patient who dies in hospital after an anaphylactic reaction to penicillin.
🏆 Best Malaria Essay Titles
- Natural Immunity Against Malaria
- Malaria and Typhoid Fever Infection Rates in Pregnant Women
- Malaria and Its Effects on the World Health Organization
- Imported Malaria Cases and Fatality in the UK
- Malaria: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
- Advances and Challenges for the Malaria Vaccine
- Disease Control and Prevention: Malaria
- Hemoglobinopathy for Malaria Protection
- Malaria Eradication and Educational Attainment: Evidence From Paraguay and Sri Lanka
- Malaria and the Problem of Global Justice by Thomas Nagel
- Maternal-fetal Conflict During Infection: Lessons From a Mouse Model of Placental Malaria
- Mosquitoes: The Long-term Effects of Malaria Eradication in India
- Malaria Vaccines: Identifying Plasmodium Falciparum Liver-stage Targets
- Malaria Incidence and Agricultural Efficiency in Uganda
- Naturally Acquired Humoral Immunity Against Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
- Malaria and Its Effects on Human History
- Environmental Social and Genetic Risk Factors for Malaria
- Malaria Prevention Among Children in Africa
- Malaria: Causes, Prevention, and Treatments
- Managing Malaria Using Nursing Practices
- Malaria Causes and Risk Factors
- Malaria and Its Effects on Human Civilization
- Agricultural Policy, Migration, and Malaria in the 1930s United States
- The Public Health Service: Malaria and the Panama Canal
- Host-malaria Parasite Interactions and Impacts on Mutual Evolution
- Medical Syncretism Concerning Malaria in a Tanzanian Community
- Inflammation of the Liver Provides Protective Immunity Against the Liver Stages of the Malaria Parasite
- Malaria: Investigating Malaria Parasites and Gene Expression
- Host-Malaria Parasite Interactions and Impacts on Mutual Evolution
- Nanotechnology Against Ebola, Alzheimer Infection and Malaria
- Malaria and Intestinal Helminth Co-infection Among Pregnant Women in Ghana
- Liver-inherent Immune System: Its Role in Blood-stage Malaria
- Malaria Control and Infant Mortality in Africa
- Malaria and the Issue of Who Should Provide Vaccination Coverage
- Mining the Human Host Metabolome Toward an Improved Understanding of Malaria Transmission
- Malaria Transmission, Therapy, and Treatment, Prevention
- Insecticide Treated Nets for Tackling Malaria in Children
- Malaria Infection and Fetal Growth During the War: Evidence From Liberia
- Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Open the Pandoras Box In Severe Malaria
- Malaria Eradication and Economic Outcomes in Sub-saharan Africa: Evidence From Uganda
❓ Malaria Research Questions
- What Are Several Different Effects That Malaria Can Cause?
- What Determines Providers’ Stated Preference for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Malaria?
- What Is the Life Cycle of the Malaria Vaccine?
- Does Malaria Cause Diarrhoea?
- Why Is the Incubation Period Different for Different Types of Malaria?
- Does Malaria Control Impact Education?
- What Are the Prevention and Treatment Strategies for Malaria?
- Why Does New Malaria Pose a Threat to Humans?
- Malaria and Hypertension: Another Co-evolutionary Adaptation?
- What Is the Assessment of the Risk of Developing New Malaria?
- What Is the Main Causative Agent of Malaria?
- What Is the Relationship Between Malaria and Sickle Cell Anemia?
- Does Reducing Malaria Improve Household Living Standards?
- What Are the New Strategies for Malaria Vaccine Development?
- How Malaria Affects Children in Ghana?
- What Are the Outlook for a New Malaria Vaccine?
- What Is the Risk of Severe Malaria in the Modern World?
- How Malaria and the Sickle Cell Disease Are Linked?
- Why Are Vaccines Needed for Malaria?
- Malaria and Protective Behaviours: Is There a Malaria Trap?
- What Are the New Malaria Vaccine Development Strategies?
- Malaria and the Liver: Immunological Hide-and-Seek or Subversion of Immunity From Within?
- What Are the New Malaria Treatments?
- Can Benefits From Malaria Eradication Be Increased in Costa Rica?
- When Was the First Malaria Vaccine Made?
- What Matters and What Does Not in Households’ Decision to Invest in Malaria Prevention?
- What Is the Molecular and Cellular Basis of the Biology of Malaria Infection?
- How Does Parasitic Malaria Propagate Through the Host Mosquito?
- What Is the Mosquito Microbiome and Its Impact on Malaria Transmission?
- How Malaria Affects the Human Body?