Epidemiology Topics for Signature Assignment

Diabetic Retinopathy

This topic is interesting as early recognition and management of diabetic retinopathy could prevent the possibility of blindness. The topic is relevant to my future career as I will seek to encourage every patient with diabetes to have eye examination (retinopathy screening) regularly, at least once per year for people with type I and type II diabetes, before pregnancy, and once in the course of the first three months of pregnancy for females expecting to get a baby.

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One thing I know about the topic is the cause of the disease. Diabetic retinopathy denotes a situation that occurs in people suffering from diabetes, where there is a progressive destruction of the retina, which is the light-sensitive coating, at the wall of the eyeball (Simó & Hernández, 2014). I am curious to learn whether, in severe instances (when not discovered early or prevented), diabetic retinopathy could be successfully treated to avoid loss of sight.

Childhood Obesity in the US

The topic is interesting as obesity in children is currently a vital health issue in the US, surpassing even substance abuse. It is pertinent to my work as I have to put efforts towards offering an amicable solution because attributable to the increasing incidence of obesity in children and its numerous harmful health impacts, it is currently recognized as a life-threatening public wellbeing issue (Kalin & Fung, 2013).

I am aware that amid children, obesity is currently creating a broad scope of health concerns that formerly were not taken into consideration until adulthood. These concerns encompass high blood pressure, elevated intensities of blood cholesterol, and type II diabetes to mention a few. I am curious to learn how to enlighten the population, mostly parents, against unhealthy consumption habits and lack of exercise, which are the leading causes of obesity both to them and their children.

Transmission Prevention and Treatment of Tuberculosis

This topic is interesting attributable to tuberculosis (TB) being a difficult illness to manage and one of the main causes of death across the world (Lönnroth et al., 2017). It is germane to my profession because TB continues to be a noteworthy problem internationally, and though the developed nations have a low prevalence, it calls for unrelenting efforts by all stakeholders.

I am informed of the fact that developed countries have set up schemes that seek to eradicate tuberculosis but augmented travels across the globe and the migration from countries with high prevalence rates of TB to the ones with low occurrence threaten to weaken the measures put in low-incidence nations. I am curious to learn the most effective treatment and preventive measures against TB since they greatly rely on approaches that curb the transmission from animals to people and from one person to another.

The Impact and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

This topic is interesting because ovarian cancer remains the fourth cause of death amid women and the most deadly among gynecological tumors in the US. It is significant to my future career as I purpose to promote awareness in women and girls because the disease is curable if only treated early; it is very difficult to identify the disease unless screening and diagnostic approaches are put in place particularly during the early stages of its occurrence.

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One thing I have known regarding the topic is that early diagnosis saves about 95% of the affected patients while screening during the advanced stages only saves about 5% or less (Bristow, Chang, Ziogas, Randall, & Anton-Culver, 2014). I am curious to learn the most successful preclinical evaluations and prior phase-clinical tests that assist in the treatment of ovarian cancer.

References

Bristow, R. E., Chang, J., Ziogas, A., Randall, L. M., & Anton-Culver, H. (2014). High-volume ovarian cancer care: Survival impact and disparities in access for advanced-stage disease. Gynecologic Oncology, 132(2), 403-410.

Kalin, S. R., & Fung, T. T. (2013). Comparison of child obesity prevention and control content in mainstream and Spanish-language US parenting magazines. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(1), 133-140.

Lönnroth, K., Mor, Z., Erkens, C., Bruchfeld, J., Nathavitharana, R. R., van der Werf, M. J., & Lange, C. (2017). Tuberculosis in migrants in low-incidence countries: Epidemiology and intervention entry points. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 21(6), 624-637.

Simó, R., & Hernández, C. (2014). Neurodegeneration in the diabetic eye: New insights and therapeutic perspectives. Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism, 25(1), 23-33.

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