Healthy people 2020 is a strategic plan for development of American’s people health. The strategy has target of the end of 10 years. It is a landmark for disease prevention. Use of technology for better health care facilities is emphasized
The health people 2020 is defined as the landmark for creating health American nation by the end of 10 years. The strategy aims at creating new disease prevention methods through various scientific research projects. The U.S federal government is planning on how to eliminate differences in health services thus, ensuring provision of quality health care among all classes of people.
Objectives and Goals
- Abolish health differences
- Create health fairness
- Ensure high quality life
- Achieve extended lives free of injury, premature death, and disability
- Improve people’s health through all stages of life
- Build a distinctive health environment for the entire community
Health People 2020 Health Indicators
- Equal health care distribution
- High health quality life
According to Heymann (2008), to ensure healthy people in the near future, the healthy people laid down various objectives to be achieved over the period of 10 years. The objectives were made available in the Healthy people website in order to involve others by encouraging them to give their views. Their views and comments were highly appreciated as they led to serious discussion and review among the Federal Interagency Workgroup, thus, equality among the member states.
Epidemiological and surveillance data
- Conducted by Miami County Health Department
- Conducted by use of Electronic Surveillance
- Conducted among 740,320 emergency departments
- Infection Control Practitioner were contacted
- Data for all ages, gender, and race was obtained
According to United States Department of Health and Human Services (2010), Surveillance helps in ensuring proper health care and prevention methods for all people within the community. To identify the communicable diseases affecting the county, the electronic surveillance was conducted by the Miami Health Department among the leading hospitals within the county.
Three communicable diseases identified in the county include:
Measles is a communicable illness caused by measles virus of the genus morbillivirus which attacks respiratory system.
- Severe fever
- watery nose
- Severe red eyes
- Continuous coughing
- Increased sore throats
- Numerous tiny white spots in the mouth
The disease is identified through doctor’s examination of red Koplik’s spots affecting the inside layer of the cheek.
Plan of action to Contain the disease basing on healthy people 2020
- Organization of measles research projects for better vaccination tools
- Provision of free vaccination for all children under 18 months
- Public awareness on measles immunization
- Collaboration with various organizations for measles battle
Communicable diseases are diseases that result from infection, which are transmitted from one person to another. Some of the communicable diseases identified in the county, include; measles, polio, and hepatitis. Measles is a communicable illness caused by measles virus of the genus morbillivirus which attacks respiratory system. Measles is associated with severe fever, watery nose, continuous coughing, increased sore throats and numerous tiny white spots in the mouth.
Effect of Measles in the Community
- Increased mortality rate among the children
- Decreased economic production
- Increased federal spending on immunization
- Decreased future human resource
Measles remains one of the communicable disease leading to death among the children. Measles is mostly found in United States cities, because a large number of people in the cities can facilitate transmission of the measles virus. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (2010), the Miami County Health Department help in fighting for measles, the department aims at creating various preventive methods, which can help in fighting the measles within the county. It has mostly ventured in mass immunization campaigns aimed at minimizing deaths among the infant.
Polio is a communicable disease caused by poliovirus of RNA viruses which attacks the gastrointestinal tract
- Severe headache
- Muscle contractions
- High fever
- Leg and arm hardness
- Severe back pain
Polio is a communicable disease caused by poliovirus of RNA viruses which attacks the gastrointestinal tract. This disease is mostly associated with high vomiting, fever, severe back pain, severe headache and muscles contractions.
Polio is identified through laboratory tests using stool samples
Effects in the community
- Increased death rates among children under 5 years
- Minimization of future human resources
- Increased government spending through immunization
Plan of action to contain POLIO basing on 2020 healthy people
- Organization of polio research projects on better prevention medicines
- Organization of oral polio National immunization days
- Providing four doses of oral polio vaccine to all infants below 1 year
- Creating awareness on polio outbreak in a specified area
- Partnering with organizations towards polio eradication
Polio is identified through various tests, which involve use of stool samples. It has been one of the communicable disease leading to deaths in the Miami county. This cases have led to decreased future man power for economic production, due to low human resources. It disease has also led to increased government spending due to various immunization and campaigns conducted within the county. The government has engaged in creating tools for better polio medication among the children.
Influenza is a communicable disease caused by influenza viruses A, B and C which attacks respiratory system
- Body pains
- Continuous coughing
- Nasal blockage
- Fever and severe coldness
- Irritated watering eyes
- Blemished eyes, mouth and face
Influenza is identified through laboratory diagnosis by use of
- Immunofluorescence techniques
- Rapid immunoassays
- Virus culture methods
According to Heymann (2008), influenza is a dangerous communicable disease caused by influenza viruses A, B, and C, which normally attack the respiratory system. It is transmitted from an infected person to another person through sneezing and coughing. In some cases, a person who touches an object or surface affected by influenza virus may easily get influenza, if touches the mouth, nose or eyes. Influenza virus can cause extreme illness leading to death.
Effects in the community
- Increased death rate
- High cost of medical care
- Loss of productivity
- Decreased human resources
Plan of action to contain influenza basing on 2020 healthy people
- Adequate vaccine supply
- Partnership with various organizations for influenza battle
- Funding on research projects aimed in improving treatment
As indicated by Heymann (2008), the Electronic Surveillance conducted among 23 emergency health department in Miami showed a high rate of influenza within the county. The influenza was observed as the disease leading to high death rate of people with 65 years and above, contributing to almost 90% of their death. However, it was during seasons of influenza A (H3N2) viruses, which showed 2.7 times increase in death rates as compared to seasons with A (H3N2) viruses.
Heymann, D. L. (2008). Control of communicable diseases manual (19th ed.). Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.
United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2010). Health United States, 2010. Washington, DC: National Center for Health Statistics.