Nursing: Spiritual Needs Assessment and Reflection

Survey Questions

Do you have a good spiritual attachment?

I consider my spiritual life an important aspect of my life. I believe that we should not underestimate its role in the modern world.

How can you explain the importance of spirituality and the role of religion in your life?

Religion designates the views and practices of my religious conviction that I am personally committed to. It also defines those principles and practices that I consider unacceptable or refuse to follow.

What is your opinion on various spiritual groups and societies? Are you a member of any of those?

Yes, I am. I try to contribute to that religious group. I believe the members of that group are important for me. They empower me and provide assistance when it comes to dealing with my health problems.

What definite approaches do you practice as part of your spiritual life?

There are several events and practices which are either inspired, dejected, or prohibited by my religious conviction. I follow these guidelines carefully.

Are there any explicit fundamentals of medical care that your conviction rejects or prohibits?

At all times, I act in compliance with my guiding principles. I consider these characteristics of my religious beliefs rather important.

Are there any specific features of medical care that you would prefer not to be exposed to?

There are several aspects that have to be suspended because of my spirituality. Nonetheless, there are practices that I would like to exploit. I also believe that spiritual practices are critically important at the time of grave health issues. To say the least, my spirituality affects my choices at such times. I believe that my spiritual and religious needs could be beneficial for the current intervention.


The interviewee is a 42-year-old Caucasian male. His religion is Christianity. In general, the whole interview went on pretty well. The interviewee showed interest and participated in the discussion rather lively. I would also like to mention the interviewee’s behavior. The individual kept calm and collected. I believe that this particular aspect helped the interviewee provide me with reasonable answers. He showed that he enjoys being a part of the survey.

The interviewee also stated that he liked the experience and would not mind participating in any further meetings and discussions. He displayed a positive attitude towards me and the survey questions. Ultimately, I believe that it is rational to state that the interview was successful and helped to attain a satisfactory level of information on the topic from the interviewee (O’Brien, 2014).

Overall, on the one hand, I think that there were no significant barriers that affected the survey completion in a way that would make the outcomes of the survey irrelevant or incorrect. On the other hand, despite the positive attitude of the partaker, the interviewee and the interviewer should be aware of the limitations of the survey design and its outcomes (Taylor, 2015). As a matter of fact, they both should be perceived as two actors whose duty is to interact on a psychological level. I believe that in order to better address the challenge of evading or overcoming limitations the interviewer will have to go deeper into detail with the interviewee and ask direct questions which presuppose a brief and clear answer.

In case if I had to use another tool to assess the interviewee’s spiritual needs, I would use the FICA framework. This tool is based on the four main components that relate (directly or indirectly) to the key patient’s characteristics – faith, importance, community, and address. By using this tool, the interviewer will be able to concentrate more on the interviewee’s personal (most likely unbiased) opinion. Spirituality is a continuing issue, so it will be necessary to address spiritual needs assessment and schedule follow-up appointments recurrently. I believe that the FICA approach will help me to use a more humanistic approach to the patient (Brown, 2015). Moreover, the main feature of this tool is the generation of short questions which require the interviewee to give a neutral answer.

From the results of the interview, I can tell that illness and stress amplified the spiritual concern and needs of my interviewee. His mood and behavior are highly contingent on his condition. For instance, the interviewee seemed to withhold information in several situations during the interview. This may happen due to the stress and the personal nature of the questions. Nonetheless, his physical condition also plays an important role in the intensification of the spiritual concern.

I believe that spiritual needs are functionally dependent on the physical state of the patient and may have a direct impact on each other. For example, the worse the patient’s condition is, the more he is exposed to the external stimuli. This includes empowerment and positive mindset imposed on the patient. This approach is intended to mitigate likely adverse effects of the survey limitations. I suppose that the FICA framework will be a beneficial tool for the future assessment of the patients’ spiritual needs.


Brown, S. (2015). Mnemonics for assessing and addressing spiritual care needs of the caregiver. Southern Medical Journal, 108(1), 67-67. Web.

O’Brien, M. (2014). Spirituality in nursing. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett.

Taylor, E. (2015). Spiritual assessment. Spiritual, Religious, and Cultural Aspects of Care, 3(14), 1-28. Web.

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NursingBird. "Nursing: Spiritual Needs Assessment and Reflection." April 12, 2021.