Application of Theoretical Models in Healthcare

Family Assessment and Intervention Model

Broekema, S., Luttik, M. L. A., Steggerda, G. E., Paans, W., & Roodbol, P. F. (2018). Measuring change in nurses’ perceptions about family nursing competency following a 6-day educational intervention. Journal of Family Nursing, 24(4), 508-537. Web.

In this study, the researchers sought to describe the perspectives of nurses regarding their experience using an educational intervention established to improve their capability when working with patient’s families. The researchers used a mixed approach method with 18 nurses as the study sample. Participants were exposed to a 6-day education intervention at their workplace. The results indicate an increase in nurses’ awareness of the importance of families in care practice.

This study applies the family assessment and intervention model to determine the attitudes of nurses towards working with families. It measures the attitudes of nurses after exposure to a training program. Healthcare delivery will involve the patient’s family in the assessment and intervention strategies. It is necessary to expose nurses to education programs to improve their competence when working with families.

Health Belief Model

Mirzaei, A., Kazembeigi, F., Kakaei, H., Jalilian, M., Mazloomi, S., & Nourmoradi, H. (2021). Application of health belief model to predict COVID-19-preventive behaviors among a sample of Iranian adult population. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 10(1), 69-74.

This study was performed during current Covid-19 pandemic to determine human behavior predictors related to the viral infection based using the health belief model (HBM). The researchers used a cross-section study with some 558 adults. The results demonstrate that the critical determinants of Covid-19-preventive behaviors were perceived barriers, self-efficacy, and perceived benefits. Consequently, HBM is an effective tool for predicting preventive behaviors among the population.

This article demonstrates how to apply theoretical models in healthcare. The research shows how the HBM theory helps to determine the specific key determinants of disease-preventive behaviors in a large population. Therefore, this article provides evidence that HBM theoretical approach is a useful tool to determine health determinants, which is important in developing preventive approaches. Disease prevention is a central driver of the future of nursing.

Family Systems Theory

Naef, R., Kläusler-Troxler, M., Ernst, J., Huber, S., Dinten-Schmid, B., Karen, T., & Petry, H. (2020). Translating family systems care into neonatology practice: A mixed method study of practitioners’ attitudes, practice skills and implementation experience. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 102, 103448. Web.

The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of the family systems theory on care implementation activities on the attitudes and skills of practitioners in a neonatal setting. The study sample had 65 practicing practitioners (nurses and physicians) in the pre-post study and the pre-post analysis had 117 participants. An attitude scale focused on the practitioners in the neonatal setting was used to measure the outcomes. Inter-professional implementation of care relates strongly to the practitioners’ clinical practice.

The study uses the family systems theory to determine how the theory can be implemented and its impact in a healthcare setting. Specifically, it seeks to examine the perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of practitioners when the theory is applied in a healthcare setting. This theory is relevant to the practitioners’ clinical practice and focusing on the family in care delivery is a tenet of the future of nursing.

Transtheoretical Model

Rahimi, A., Hashemzadeh, M., Zare-Farashbandi, F., Naeini, A. M. A., & Hasanzadeh, A. (2018). The effect of nutrition education course on awareness of obese and overweight female 1st-year high school students of Isfahan based on transtheoretical model of behavioral change. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 7, 76-90.

The researchers conducted a study to investigate the effects of providing nutritional education to create awareness among school students. A sample of 64 female 1st-year high school students with eight problems was taken from a school population in Iran. Data collection was accomplished with questionnaires after a 2-month nutritional education program. The results indicate that the transtheoretical model is effective in changing the participants’ behavior.

This study directly used the transtheoretical model in its approach wherein the students were exposed to a training education for the purpose of changing their behavior. The theoretical model is effective in ensuring awareness about a specific health problem and the need for the community to change behavior. The future of nursing will rely on the need to instill diseases in the community.

Social Cognitive Theory

Torkan, N., Kazemi, A., Paknahad, Z., & Bahadoran, P. (2018). Relationship of social cognitive theory concepts to dietary habits of pregnant women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 23(2), 125-130. 

In this study, the researchers investigate the relationship between the habits of a particular group of people and the social cognitive theory’s structures. A cross-sectional study with a sample of 192 pregnant women from Iran was conducted. Data collection was accomplished with a questionnaire designed suing this theory. The results indicate that among pregnant women, self-regulation is a critical factor that affects feeding behaviors.

The researchers recognized the importance and implications of social cognitive theory in nursing and midwifery since it mainly relates to cognitive factors in human behaviors. This theory helps to determine reasons for behaving certain behaviors among a specific group of people. The results also show the importance of this theory in designing intervention strategies to improve behaviors. Future practitioners will have to understand the behavior of their clients.

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NursingBird. "Application of Theoretical Models in Healthcare." November 29, 2022.