- Issue: health literacy among the Latino patients of the site (Miami, FL)
- Thesis: more research needed and can be carried out while addressing the needs of the population
- Purpose: an analysis of an issue and its solution
Background of Issue
- A way to improve health and ability for self-care
- A way to improve patient satisfaction (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2015)
- Can be achieved through diverse methods; examples: booklets, audio/video materials
- Specific methods can have different effectiveness for different populations (Dueweke & Bridges, 2017)
- Understudied & has been growing in the US in the past years (Larson et al., 2017)
- Especially exposed to health/healthcare issues (Ortiz et al., 2019)
- Older people: more prone to health issues, including the Latino population (Ortiz et al., 2019)
- Conclusion: a need for addressing the needs of older Latinos in health literacy
Background of Issue: Site
- Location: Florida
- Population: diverse, includes older people and Latino population
- Health literacy: an acknowledged issue; mostly booklets
- Issue: booklets might not be effective with Latino populations (Dueweke & Bridges, 2017)
- Existing, evidence-based and diverse methods of solving the problem
- Interest in solving the problem among the professionals of the site
- Little application to Latino populations
- Little information about Latino populations
- Possibility of using the wrong method
- Possibility of using the wrong method
- Latino population at the site => possibility of testing diverse interventions
The need for financing and general issues with resources
- Need for more research (Dueweke & Bridges, 2017)
- Need for improved health literacy approaches for Latino populations
- A quasi-experimental project comparing the effects of booklet and booklet + audio/video materials strategy; outcomes: revisits
Solution and the Needs of the Population
- Stakeholders: patients, families, the clinic, the healthcare community
- Cost: the cost of new material development (limited to dedicated time & resources for the pilot study)
- Payer: researcher & clinic
- Needs satisfied: the need of patients for healthcare, the need of clinic for improved methods, the need of healthcare community for information
- More information about Latino population, health literacy, health literacy methods
- More resources for the clinic (new resource: audio/video materials)
- Improved health literacy/reduced revisits among participants/population of the clinic
Improving practical knowledge:
- Reduced revisits (Arsenijevic et al., 2020)?
- Improved health literacy among the population?
- Additional methods of health literacy improvement at the site (financing-sensitive)?
Advancing scientific knowledge:
- More information about Latino population
- More attention to Latino populations
- More information on specific methods
- More grounds for using specific methods (financing-sensitive)
- Issue: healthcare literacy and no little information about Latino population
- Solution: research and introduction of materials
- Needs satisfied: for information, resources, healthcare
- Financing: for pilot study, clinic & researcher
- Outcomes: improved literacy, healthcare, information and resources
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2015). Teach back. Web.
Arsenijevic, J., Tummers, L., & Bosma, N. (2020). Adherence to electronic health tools among vulnerable groups: Systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(2).
Collaborative, I. M., Buckwalter, K. C., Cullen, L., Hanrahan, K., Kleiber, C., McCarthy, A. M.,… & Tucker, S. (2017). Iowa model of evidence-based practice: Revisions and validation. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 14(3), 175-182.
Dueweke, A. R., & Bridges, A. J. (2017). The effects of brief, passive psychoeducation on suicide literacy, stigma, and attitudes toward help-seeking among Latino immigrants living in the United States. Stigma and Health, 2(1), 28-42.
Larson, K., Mathews, H., Torres, E., & Lea, C. (2017). Responding to Health and Social Needs of Aging Latinos in New-Growth Communities: A Qualitative Study. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1).
Ortiz, A. P., Machin, M., Soto-Salgado, M., Centeno-Girona, H., Rivera-Collazo, D., Gonzalez, D., … Colyn-Lopez, V. (2019). Effect of an educational video to increase calls and screening into an anal cancer clinical trial among HIV+ Hispanics in PR: Results from a randomized controlled behavioral trial. AIDS and Behavior, 23, 1135-1146.