Regular exercises are utilized today by many people across the globe. Maintaining weight loss is easier for persons who are more energetic than those who are less energetic (Barley et al., 2018). Drinking a lot of water also boosts weight maintenance. Healthy meal consumption guarantees to maintain weight loss when someone eats responsibly. U.S. food and drug administration have approved various drugs used in weight loss, such as Bupropion-naltrexone, Liraglutide, and Orlistat (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2018).
Prevalence of Obesity in the U.S. among Children
Obesity among children and adolescents in the United States are obese has increased threefold in the last 30 years. According to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 18.5 percent of children and adolescents in the United States were obese in 2015-2016 (Sanyaolu et al., 2019). Overall, teenagers aged between 12-19 years and school-aged children between 6-11 years had a greater chance of having obesity than pre-kindergarten kids aged between 2-5 years (Sanyaolu et al., 2019). Obesity was more prevalent in school-aged boys than in preschool-aged boys. Teenage females had a greater prevalence of obesity than preschool females, indicating 20.9% and 13.5%, respectively.
Medications/ Foods that Contribute to Weight Loss
Major foods include eggs, oatmeal, beans, chickpeas, lentils, and peas. Nuts such as cashew nuts, almonds, peanuts, and macadamia also are favorable for weight loss. Food nutritionists highly recommend avocados, berries, and vegetables to prevent obesity (Metropulos, 2018). The U.S. drug administration highly recommends several drugs, such as Bupropion-naltrexone, Liraglutide, and Orlistat. The drugs suppress appetite or boost the sensation of food satisfaction, and Orlistat effectively prevents fat absorption.
Indications for Pharmacologic Therapy
Considerations on prescribing medication in pharmacologic therapy must tackle each patient’s condition’s possible dangers and importance. Healthcare practitioners should discuss these potential dangers and advantages with patients, families, and caregivers (Madaan et al., 2017). A pharmacological therapy’s psychological effects must be examined and taken into consideration. The patient should be made aware of the course of treatment, and if the drugs used or the ailment being treated affect the patient, then the time frame may be relevant.
Educational Health Handout
|Healthy Choices, Healthy living|
|Building blocks of a healthy lifestyle|
|Tips for Healthy Eating|
|1. Consumption of vegetables and fruits|
|2. Consumption of whole-grain foods|
|3. Protein food consumption|
|4. Avoid salt processed foodstuff|
|5. Avoid highly and ultra-processed foods|
|6. Drink plenty of water regularly|
|7. Minimize high consumption of fatty and sugary food|
|8. Regular exercise|
Barley, O. R., Chapman, D. W., & Abbiss, C. R. (2018). Weight loss strategies in combat sports and concerning habits in mixed martial arts. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13(7), 933-939.
Madaan, T., Choudhary, A. N., Gyenwalee, S., Thomas, S., Mishra, H., Tariq, M.,… & Talegaonkar, S. (2017). Lutein, a versatile phyto-nutraceutical: An insight on pharmacology, therapeutic indications, challenges and recent advances in drug delivery. PharmaNutrition, 5(2), 64-75.
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2018). Pros and cons of weight-loss drugs. Mayo Clinic.
Metropulos, M. (2018). Seven best foods for weight loss and why. Www.medicalnewstoday.com.
Sanyaolu, A., Okorie, C., Qi, X., Locke, J., & Rehman, S. (2019). Childhood and adolescent obesity in the united states: A public health concern. Global Pediatric Health, 6(6), 2333794X1989130.