One of the major themes surrounding the selected topic involves health education. Many people engage in various practices that steer their chances of developing different diseases. In this case, health education can help individuals learn about the dangers of smoking. The lack of adequate knowledge regarding tobacco smoking and its contribution to cancer development has led to increased infections. Health practitioners have also argued that tobacco smokers are at high risk of developing lung cancer. Hence, creating awareness is one way that can be exercised to limit the number of individuals suffering from the illness.
Epidemiological study methods have been used to address cancer among smoking adults in the United States. This study’s methods have also been used to acquire adequate information about lung and bronchus cancer among adults addicted to tobacco in America. One of the ways is observational studies, whereby the epidemiologist observes each study participant’s exposure and disease status (Petersen et al., 2016). Many researchers utilize observational studies since it does not require the use of many resources. Experimental research is another method used by epidemiologists during their study. The examiner determines the exposure for each person through a controlled process. The investigator then tracks the individuals to detect the effects of the acquaintance. In this case, the experimental method can determine how smokers can be exposed to lung and bronchus cancer infections.
The cohort study, cross-sectional, and case-control are the primary approaches used in the epidemiology survey. The former involves the epidemiologist determining the differences between exposed groups and individuals who are not exposed to the risk factors. The researcher then tracks the participants to decide whether they will develop the infection being examined (Petersen et al., 2016). A cross-sectional approach entails enrolling a sample of persons and analyzing their exposure and the outcomes of the disease of interest. The case-control study has also been used by many investigators, whereby a group of individuals with and without the disease is studied. In this case, surveyors focus on the risk factors that might have led to the affected group’s sickness. Thus, these approaches can be applied when researching lung and bronchus cancer among America’s smoking groups.
Moreover, data collection methods may involve interviews and questionnaires. These methods are essential since they help researchers to acquire raw data from the participants. The observation method can also be used as a technique of data collection. Statistics analysis is essential and should be conducted utilizing the appropriate data analysis tool. In this case, hub spot can be used as such a tool since it is one of the best qualitative data analysis tools.
Records acquired from peer-reviewed journals can be used to analyze the topic since many articles have credible lung and bronchus cancer data. Such databases as World Health Organization (WHO), PubMed, and NCBI have useful statistics that can be used in research on this topic. For instance, WHO has analyzed different risk factors of cancer, whereby tobacco use has led to many people developing the condition (as cited in Jeon et al., 2018). Researchers have also stated that tobacco smokers have high chances of developing chest problems and lung cancer due to nicotine entering the lungs.
The selected topic largely contributes to public health since it addresses one of the most common issues in the modern world. Lung and bronchus cancer have caused many deaths in different countries (Malhotra et al., 2016). Consequently, the topic can help people learn about how smoking can impact their health and lead to various cancer types. Correspondingly, many individuals can ensure that they limit their smoking habits to avoid developing the disease. Creating awareness about a particular condition is one way that health practitioners have conducted to prevent new infections. Thus, the study can be of great significance in limiting lung and bronchus cancer since many people will be aware of the disease.
Some of the questions that may be developed on this topic are, “How can smoking be controlled in America?” and “Which ways should health practitioners utilize to assist in limiting lung and bronchus cancer among smoking adults in America?” The questions might be used to develop strategies that enable the healthcare sector to improve smokers’ health. In addition, tobacco selling should be limited to ensure that the number of its users is reduced.
An epidemiologic study measures the risks of illness or death in exposed groups compared to the unexposed population risks. In this case, the epidemiologic study can involve focusing on lung and bronchus cancer cases among smokers compared to the number of non-smokers infected with the disease. Although non-smokers can also develop lung and bronchus cancer due to passive smoking, their risks are lower than these of smokers (Jeon et al., 2018). Therefore, the study can ensure that the public is aware of tobacco addiction’s dangers and how smokers can curb its use. Furthermore, smoking is one of the most addictive habits, and people should ensure that they develop ways to quit it.
Jeon, J., Holford, T. R., Levy, D. T., Feuer, E. J., Cao, P., Tam, J., Clarke, J., Kong, C. Y., & Meza, R. (2018). Smoking and lung cancer mortality in the United States from 2015 to 2065: A comparative modeling approach. Annals of Internal Medicine, 169(10), 684−693. Web.
Malhotra, J., Malvezzi, M., Negri, E., La Vecchia, C., & Boffetta, P. (2016). Risk factors for lung cancer worldwide. European Respiratory Journal, 48(3), 889−902. Web.
Petersen, I., Douglas, I., & Whitaker, H. (2016). Self-controlled case series methods: An alternative to standard epidemiological study designs. BMJ, 354. Web.