Rosemarie Parse’s Human Becoming Theory of Nursing

It is possible to say that nursing care models should consider the reality where people live and directly link practices to individuals’ experiences. Such a holistic approach to nursing contributes to better patient outcomes. I chose to watch the video about Rosemarie Parse’s theory of human becoming mainly because it captures the given assumption well and elaborates the traditional approach to holistic care. For this reason, I regarded the explanation of the major premises introduced in theory and the context in which it was created as an opportunity to expand my perspective on the practice of nursing.

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My personal philosophy of nursing derives a lot from the holistic care framework, and, therefore, I mostly agree with Parse. As stated by Lins et al. (2013), “the theoretician believes that the human being, the environment and health are closely linked, making it difficult to characterize their premises individually” (p. 1181). It is implied that people can influence their health through interactions with others and the world around them and active participation in creating and modifying environmental factors. As theorist states in the video, the theory of human becoming implies that the human-environment relationship is a mutual process and not a cause-and-effect process (FITNEinc, 2011). This view is consistent with my personal understanding of health to a large extent.

Moreover, Parse emphasizes the importance of the spiritual and psychological aspects of health: the sense of meaning in life, openness to new experiences and interactions with the universe, etc. I also strongly agree that the given dimensions of human beings are key to positive transformations in patients’ lives and health. Therefore, nurses should mobilize internal resources in individuals and empower them to improve their own health outcomes through the establishment of bonds, meaningful and respectful communication, orientation towards recovery, etc.

The video provided a lot of new information about nursing. The most surprising thing was probably the fact that the theorist derived her ideas from such key figures in the philosophy of existentialism as Camus, Kafka, Sartre, and Heidegger. This finding helped me understand why Parse gives particular significance to the issues of personal identity, meaning, and relationships with people, society, and the world as such.

I would recommend students to watch the video mainly because Parse’s perspective is much different from the traditional perspective on nursing. It incorporates such concepts as transcendence, meaning, and rhythmicity of relationships, which define how individuals perceive their environment and themselves. Overall, due to the peculiarity of the theoretical perspective, it may seem complex and hard to comprehend. In this way, watching the video and listening to Parse’s explanation can largely facilitate understanding the theory of human becoming. From this video and theory, in particular, one may develop new views on health pattern creation mechanisms, which can consequently help enhance the understanding of nursing roles.

The video helped me develop a new perspective on the importance of patients’ subjective experiences and perceptions in nursing care. I have learned that nurses can address these subjective perceptions to stimulate and facilitate the modification of individuals’ life habits. In this way, the main value I received from watching the video is the opportunity to rethink the patient interaction methods applied in practice and develop a new framework in which patient communication leads to identifying and creating a purpose for change and motivation towards change. In contrast, patient education is associated with the creation of new opportunities for change.

References

FITNEinc. (2011). The nurse theorists – Rosemary Parse [Video file]. Web.

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Lins, G. A. I., Armendaris, M. K., Pinho, D. L. M., Kamada, I., Jesus, C. A. C., & Reis, P. E. D. (2013). Theory of human becoming in nursing ecology: Applying Meleis’ evaluation method. Text Context Nursing, 22(4), 1179−1186.

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