Healthcare Technology Terms

Technology Term Definition and Purpose
Explain each term in your own words using complete sentences.
Health Care Example
Identify an example of each term and discuss how it is used in a health care setting.
References
Provide two APA formatted references to support your claims for each term.
Clinical decision support Clinical decision supportis a system that is used to provide clinicians with the information to contribute to their selection of medications, treatment approaches, and regimes (Hebda & Czar, 2013). CDS is usually integrated into electronic health records, nurses can receive automatic reminders, and they use the system to make decisions regarding the antibiotic prescription and selection of procedures (Mainous, Lambourne, & Nietert, 2013). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Mainous, A. G., Lambourne, C. A., & Nietert, P. J. (2013). Impact of a clinical decision support system on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care: Quasi-experimental trial. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 20(2), 317-324.
Data management Data managementis a procedure when clinicians optimize the collected data and integrate them into systems (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Nurses refer to data management when they collect, analyze, evaluate, and categorize the data for its further use by the medical staff (Sylvia & Terhaar, 2014). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Sylvia, M., & Terhaar, M. (2014). An approach to clinical data management for the doctor of nursing practice curriculum. Journal of Professional Nursing, 30(1), 56-62.
Data mining Data mining allows for using software to search the important data, discover interrelationships, and determine patterns (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Clinicians use data mining when they sort information while exploring databases and working with different sources (Samuels, McGrath, Fetzer, Mittal, & Bourgoine, 2015). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Samuels, J. G., McGrath, R. J., Fetzer, S. J., Mittal, P., & Bourgoine, D. (2015). Using the electronic health record in nursing research: Challenges and opportunities. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37(10), 1284-1294.
Databases Databasesare organized collections of information that work as systems and allow easy access to data (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Nurses and physicians use clinical databases to retrieve information about patients, their conditions, complications, and used treatments (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2014). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2014). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
Electronic health record (EHR) and EMR Electronic health records (EHRs)are alternatives to paper-based records that include medical information and provide real-time access to these data in hospitals (Hebda & Czar, 2013, p. 277). Nurses and physicians use EHRs in order to improve communication and interaction between them (Samuels et al., 2015). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Samuels, J. G., McGrath, R. J., Fetzer, S. J., Mittal, P., & Bourgoine, D. (2015). Using the electronic health record in nursing research: Challenges and opportunities. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37(10), 1284-1294.
Hardware Hardware is computers and devices, as well as computer elements, that are used as parts of the network equipment (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Clinicians can be discussed as using hardware any time they utilize computers or EHRs (Cherry & Jacob, 2015). Cherry, B., & Jacob, S. R. (2015). Contemporary nursing: Issues, trends, and management. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
HIPAA The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was passed in 1996, and it became the first act to protect the patient data recorded in EHRs (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Nurses refer to HIPAAstandards in cases when the issue of securing the patient’s health information is discussed (Karasz, Eiden, & Bogan, 2013). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Karasz, H. N., Eiden, A., & Bogan, S. (2013). Text messaging to communicate with public health audiences: How the HIPAA Security Rule affects practice. American Journal of Public Health, 103(4), 617-622.
HITECH The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act was passed in 2009 to provide guidelines for the use of health information technology, including EHRs (McBride & Tietze, 2015). HITECH regulates the nurses’ meaningful use of EHRs and EMRs (Joseph, Sow, Furukawa, Posnack, & Chaffee, 2014). Joseph, S., Sow, M., Furukawa, M. F., Posnack, S., & Chaffee, M. A. (2014). HITECH spurs EHR vendor competition and innovation, resulting in increased adoption. The American Journal of Managed Care, 20(9), 734-740.
McBride, S., & Tietze, M. (2015). Nursing informatics for the advanced practice nurse: Patient safety, quality, outcomes, and interprofessionalism. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Healthcare/nursing informatics Health or nursing informaticsis associated with the clinicians’ use of different types of technology (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Nurses use information technologies according to the principles of nursing informatics to optimize the health care delivery process (Gartrell, Trinkoff, Storr, & Wilson, 2015). Gartrell, K., Trinkoff, A. M., Storr, C. L., & Wilson, M. L. (2015). Electronic personal health record use among nurses in the nursing informatics community. Computers Informatics Nursing, 33(7), 306-314.
Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Integration ‘Integration’ is a term that is used to explain how different types of technology can be used together in order to achieve higher results (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Clinicians refer to the integration of technologies and data in order to stimulate the decision-making and problem-solving processes (Knight & Shea, 2014). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Knight, E. P., & Shea, K. (2014). A patient‐focused framework is integrating self‐management and informatics. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46(2), 91-97.
Software Softwareis programs and applications used to improve data manipulation and analysis in nursing (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Nurses prefer applications and programs that can optimize their working process (Cherry & Jacob, 2015). Cherry, B., & Jacob, S. R. (2015). Contemporary nursing: Issues, trends, and management. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Telehealth Telehealthis the use of specific technologies in order to provide consultation and assistance to patients who need continuous distant support (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Telehealthis used by specialists for managing chronic diseases and interacting with community members (Nagel & Penner, 2016). Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.
Nagel, D. A., & Penner, J. L. (2016). Conceptualizing telehealth in nursing practice advancing a conceptual model to fill a virtual gap. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 34(1), 91-104.

References

Cherry, B., & Jacob, S. R. (2015). Contemporary nursing: Issues, trends, and management. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Gartrell, K., Trinkoff, A. M., Storr, C. L., & Wilson, M. L. (2015). Electronic personal health record use among nurses in the nursing informatics community. Computers Informatics Nursing, 33(7), 306-314.

Hebda, T. L., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbook of informatics for nurses and healthcare professionals. New York, NY: Pearson.

Joseph, S., Sow, M., Furukawa, M. F., Posnack, S., & Chaffee, M. A. (2014). HITECH spurs EHR vendor competition and innovation, resulting in increased adoption. The American Journal of Managed Care, 20(9), 734-740.

Karasz, H. N., Eiden, A., & Bogan, S. (2013). Text messaging to communicate with public health audiences: How the HIPAA Security Rule affects practice. American Journal of Public Health, 103(4), 617-622.

Knight, E. P., & Shea, K. (2014). A patient‐focused framework integrating self‐management and informatics. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46(2), 91-97.

Mainous, A. G., Lambourne, C. A., & Nietert, P. J. (2013). Impact of a clinical decision support system on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections in primary care: Quasi-experimental trial. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 20(2), 317-324.

McBride, S., & Tietze, M. (2015). Nursing informatics for the advanced practice nurse: Patient safety, quality, outcomes, and interprofessionalism. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2014). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge. New York, NY: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Nagel, D. A., & Penner, J. L. (2016). Conceptualizing telehealth in nursing practice advancing a conceptual model to fill a virtual gap. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 34(1), 91-104.

Samuels, J. G., McGrath, R. J., Fetzer, S. J., Mittal, P., & Bourgoine, D. (2015). Using the electronic health record in nursing research: Challenges and opportunities. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37(10), 1284-1294.

Sylvia, M., & Terhaar, M. (2014). An approach to clinical data management for the doctor of nursing practice curriculum. Journal of Professional Nursing, 30(1), 56-62.