Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials

The cultural competence model is effective in reviewing and examining the individual, both in the role of a patient and in the role of a social element. First, it is necessary to set the basic criteria, such as gender, age, and race, which set the context for the study of the person along the key domains of the theory. To evaluate my own capabilities most effectively and objectively, it is necessary to highlight the fact that I am a girl, a Latin American, a student. Now it is worth analyzing each of the twelve domains on a personal example, using the above information.

First of all, it is worth considering the heritage domain, which interprets information into objective criteria for evaluating professionalism. As already noted, my race is Hispanic, which allows us to draw a conclusion about the roots, namely the family, which are also representatives of Latin America. In turn, this causes brown eyes, whose emotions are difficult to read for others. In addition, there is a swarthy skin color, which determines its type as more unemotional, expressed in a reduced number of folds and wrinkles (Purnell & Fenki, 2019). This makes it more difficult for others to recognize my emotions and state, which, nevertheless, does not affect the quality of work.

I do not consider myself a person who is committed to certain traditions and ancient values, so the moment of death is not taboo. The fact is that no type of burial contradicts my views, therefore I am ready to fulfill any will of the patient or another individual. I consider myself an atheist, so I am extremely skeptical about the spiritual component, but I show respect for the prayers, norms, and religion of other people. This will ensure conflict-free contact with individuals in the field of spirituality, since my upbringing does not allow me to ridicule, ignore or condemn those who are different from my worldview.

From my upbringing follows the interpretation of my family as a progressive unit of society, not burdened by family roles, and not extrapolating its beliefs to others. The freedom of self-identification and choice of the type of activity allows me to do what is of interest and at the same time where I can fulfill myself both as a person and as a professional (Zaccagnini & Pechacek, 2019). Together with the absence of bad habits and dependence on excitement, this allows me to be objective and purposeful. The biggest advantage of the above domains for me is that I feel like a complete and independent person who is able to coexist with other individuals who are different from me.

However, it is important to highlight the complexities in the nutritional domain that can cause problems when interacting with others. The fact is that every person has a food culture that interprets and sets the vector for their style of eating. For example, I consider it right to eat three meals a day, consisting of healthy foods that can sufficiently saturate the body. In addition, I consider it vital to observe the basic norms of table etiquette, but practice shows that this does not apply to everyone. From experience, I find it extremely difficult to co-operate with individuals who behave inappropriately at the table or offer to eat questionable food. However, this does not reflect on professional fulfillment as my specialty is not related to food.

As regards the domains of biocultural ecology and problems with personnel, here I can state the main advantage of myself as an individual. The fact is that I know several languages ​​from different language groups, which significantly reduces the likelihood of a language barrier. If we are talking about a language unknown to me, then active rigidity and the ability to use tools allows us to overcome potential difficulties. The same applies to interactions with representatives of other races and cultural groups, where discomfort in communication is completely absent. On the other hand, my education arouses interest in getting to know and deepening the differences between people, so this cannot give rise to conflict.


Purnell, L. D. and Fenki, E. A. (2019). Handbook for culturally competent care. Springer International Publishing.

Zaccagnini, M. E. and Pechacek, J. M. (2019). The doctor of nursing practice essentials. A new model of advanced practice nursing. Jones & Barlett Learning.

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"Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials." NursingBird, 22 Dec. 2022, nursingbird.com/purnells-model-nursing-practice-essentials/.


NursingBird. (2022) 'Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials'. 22 December.


NursingBird. 2022. "Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials." December 22, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/purnells-model-nursing-practice-essentials/.

1. NursingBird. "Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials." December 22, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/purnells-model-nursing-practice-essentials/.


NursingBird. "Purnell’s Model: Nursing Practice Essentials." December 22, 2022. https://nursingbird.com/purnells-model-nursing-practice-essentials/.