Introduction: Health Impact
Drug addiction is a disease characterized by an uncontrolled craving for narcotic substances that cause euphoria and death in case of overdose. People who regularly take drugs expose their bodies to constant intoxication. Alcohol and drugs are responsible for more than 5% of the global burden of diseases (Hovhannisyan, 2020). High mortality, social degradation, and damage to the whole organism are the consequences of drug use; therefore, complex treatment of drug addiction is necessary. Drug addiction is a complex neurobiological disease that requires integrated treatment of the mind, body, and spirit (Kumar et al., 2019). Negative changes start from the beginning of use and include damage to the nervous system, brain, liver, heart, and gastrointestinal system. The consequences of drug use are much better prevented than corrected, so a strong drug addiction prevention program is needed.
Objective and Mission
The main goal can be described as the health and well-being of the members of society. At the moment, the fight against drug addiction is more of a punitive nature, because of which the majority cannot access treatment. To create a clever strategy, it is necessary to involve government agencies and medical organizations. Professional organizations have encouraged a range of initiatives, but true interprofessional training and the implementation of collaborative, team-based care are largely unrealized (Wamsley et al., 2018). Organizing their participation will require raising awareness and understanding of the ineffectiveness of the old model of dealing with drug addiction.
First of all, for a comprehensive fight against drug addiction, it is necessary to raise awareness of the ineffectiveness of verification methods. This concerns the awareness of all adults, education from families with teenagers, the transition to private structures. It will take a long time to work with the sensitivity of the population and with ordinary teenagers: lectures, open lessons – soft identification of negative consequences. Further financing of a project to supervise drug addicts to help them return to society is likely. Getting rid of drug addiction is the quality of the process consumed in oneself, not only by the drug removal of intoxication and withdrawal. The measures’ effectiveness will largely depend on the psychological quality of assistance and the adaptation of the former drug addict in society. It will require high labor costs of workers responsible for the supervision of each former drug addict. Short-term goals include concrete cases of more effective help for already drug addicts. The project’s long-term goal should be a significant reduction in the number of people involved in the use of drugs.
The main tool for evaluating the effectiveness of the implemented strategy is the collection of statistical data. Anonymous collection of information will be required among adolescents and people with pre-existing drug addiction. It is necessary to assess the number of involved in the use and the quality of assistance to existing drug addicts. It will be beneficial to convey to the population that for the recognition of one’s dependence, one will receive help, not punishment. A statistical evaluation will be required at all stages of implementing the drug prevention system. It is expected that, with effective work, the number of people involved in drug use will systematically decrease.
Thus, it becomes obvious that drug addiction is a serious social problem. The old methods of drug prevention were more punitive than helpful. Rehabilitation and the preventive program should aim to help society and every individual and not punish those who have made mistakes. The program requires significant support from the authorities and medical professionals. However, the need for change is clear as the number of drug addicts grows every year.
Hovhannisyan, K., Rasmussen, M., Adami, J., Wikström, M., & Tønnesen, H. (2020). Evaluation of very integrated program: Health promotion for patients with alcohol and drug addiction— A randomized trial. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 44(7), 1456-1467. Web.
Kumar, A., Dangi, I., & Pawar, R. S. (2019). Drug addiction: A big challenge for youth and children. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4(1), 35-40. Web.
Wamsley, M., Satterfield, J. M., Curtis, A., Lundgren, L., & Satre, D. D. (2018). Alcohol and drug screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training and implementation: Perspectives from 4 health professions. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 12(4), 262-272. Web.