Public health nurses (PHN) play an essential role in enhancing the health of communities and the overall population by delivering necessary interventions and preventive care. Moreover, they are responsible for promoting individuals’ access to vital healthcare services, advancing governmental health-strengthening strategies, and providing education. Healthy People 2030 (HP2030) is the national initiative introduced on August 18, 2020, that establishes core health objectives, principles, and goals to improve the well-being of the American people. This paper aims at developing and describing an educational plan for a target audience based on the objective of HP2020, namely, reducing the proportion of adults with obesity — NWS‑03.
The present promotion presentation will investigate NWS‑03: reduce the proportion of adults with obesity. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, between 2017 – 2018, the USA obesity prevalence reached over 42 percent, without considerable discrepancy in sex among adults (Hales et al., 2020). Herewith, according to a recent study, by 2030, this rate is likely to increase to 48.9 percent, and 24.2 percent will suffer from severe obesity (Ward et al., 2019). Obesity creates an oppressive burden of various bodily concerns and discomfort, including sweating, trouble sleeping, frequent and fast fatigue, and skin problems. Over time, persons with obesity incur a significant risk of earing one or several serious degenerative diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, stroke, and cancer. In addition, obese people usually experience stigma and are inclined to depression, anxiety, and social seclusion, which can reflect on their work and learning performance. Thus, it is of tremendous importance to diminish the prevalence of obesity by promoting different educational programs that cover eating habits and physical activity.
The target audience of this health presentation focuses on adults aged 21 and older, comprising people of both sexes and all races. The report by Hales et al. (2020) presents that obesity, especially its severe form, is more prevalent in women than men and affects minorities more considerably. In particular, 49.6 percent of Hispanic Black adults possess obesity, while the rates for non-Hispanic White and Asian adults are 42.2 and 17.4 percent, respectively (Hales et al., 2020). The factors and causes of this disease are interrelated and primarily include overeating and adverse eating habits, inadequate physical activity, genetics, medications, and diverse psychological stress factors. According to Lincoln (2020), 43 percent of obese adults have depression, with a higher occurrence in females. Thus, the given promotion plan considers ethnic and sex characteristics, indicating that women and blacks are the most vulnerable population.
To be realized successfully, a goal should be clear, measurable, and connected with particular achievable outcomes. Herewith, the goal attainment requires and cooperation between educators and patients, as well as their active engagement in the learning process to provide the efficient acquisition of necessary skills (Bastable et al., 2020). The target of HP2030 is directed at decreasing 38.6 percent of adults with obesity to 36.0 percent by 2030 (“Reduce the proportion,” n.d.). In this project, the central aim will be to decrease the rate of overweight and obese individuals by 1 percent in the local community, namely, Broward county, over the following five years. In this regard, public healthcare nurse practitioners and other nurses will consistently conduct education sessions among the target population concerning the benefit and rules of a healthy diet, physical activity, and proper lifestyle overall. The regional percentage of obese people will fall after the amplified public awareness of obesity’s hazards and harms and sufficient education on their health.
Learning Domains and Objectives
A complex lesson necessitates that students achieve three specific domains during learning. The cognitive domain targets developing the mental skills and acquiring delivered material by learners. In particular, this domain consists of six categories, such as knowledge, knowledge; comprehension; application; analysis; synthesis; and evaluation (“Cognitive,” n.d.). The affective domain is related to individuals’ emotions, senses, and attitudes and helps them be more involved, self-reliant, and committed to learning. The psychomotor domain implies employing and coordinating various motor skills and doing physical actions, for example, exercises.
In terms of education, objectives are typically regarded as short-term, precise, perceptible tasks that together aid learners in moving to the ultimate goal. They should entail particular changes in persons’ comprehension and meditation, perception of the problem, and behavior. Thus, during a 20-minute introduction, participants will present their knowledge about overweight and obesity and relate personal concerns and worries on this topic (affective domain). After this stage, the teacher will consider the information gained from the introduction to highlight the most substantial facts and deny myths about obesity. Then, after a 20-minute presentation, students will be able to list the primary risk factors of obesity, as well as state and outline the main effective methods to prevent or treat obesity (cognitive domain). Furthermore, after 20-minute practice, they will be able to demonstrate specific useful exercises promoting losing weight (psychomotor domain).
Location and Marketing Strategy
The project presenter will create noteworthy and interesting flyers to draw broad attention of the community, especially older persons, and make specific posts on Facebook, primarily on local groups. The leader will also place colorful posters in various facilities, including hospitals, healthcare organizations, educational establishments, libraries, and campuses. Besides, the advertisement about the session will be placed in one or several regional newspapers. The presentation will be conducted via Zoom, and willing people can access the presentation without a sign-in account. The digital way of demonstration has been selected to confirm the session’s observance of the government’s restriction measures conditioned by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is worth noting that the presentation will occur at a comfortable time, specifically in the evening on weekends, to encompass a wider audience. Finally, the presenter will ensure that attendees learn the most relevant, evidence-based, concise, and engaging information associated with obesity and lifestyle habits, encouraging them to concrete actions.
Date & Time, Peer RN Information
The projected meeting will begin via Zoom at 21:00 in accordance with the local time on Saturday, July 24, to provide a comfortable time for attendees and their family members.
In summary, the paper has delivered the plan of the educational presentation for overweight and obese people, based on the objective of HP2020, namely, reducing the proportion of adults with obesity. Obesity is a multifactorial bodily disorder, which primarily stems from adverse lifestyle habits, including an unhealthy diet and lacked physical activity. As a result, the given condition is accompanied by significant emotional discomfort, various chronic and degenerative diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, and cancer, and premature death. The presentation planned to be conducted through Zoom aims at providing all interested individuals with interesting, scientifically proven, and practical information that will stimulate them to specific action on reducing weight and adjusting their nutrition. With a gradual increase in the community’s awareness of obesity’s jeopardy, the number of affected will be decreasing.
Bastable, S. B., Sopczyk, D., Gramet, P., & Jacobs, K. (2019). Health professional as educator: Principles of teaching and learning (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains grading. (n.d.). University of Washington.
Hales, C. M., Carroll, M. D., Fryar, C. D., & Ogden, C. L. (2020). Prevalence of obesity and severe obesity among adults: United States, 2017–2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Lincoln, K. D. (2020). Race, obesity, and mental health among older adults in the United States: A literature review. Innovation in Aging, 4(5), igaa031.
Reduce the proportion of adults with obesity — NWS‑03. (n.d.). US Department of Health & Human Services.
Ward, Z. J., Bleich, S. N., Cradock, A. L., Barrett, J. L., Giles, C. M., Flax, C., Long, M. W., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2019). Projected US state-level prevalence of adult obesity and severe obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 381(25), 2440-2450.