Watson’s Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice


  • Nursing theories describe real-world processes
  • Different models may be used
  • Watson’s theory founded on compassion
  • Theory assists family nurse practitioners

In nursing theories, models and systems that describe real-world processes are available to students, researchers, and clinicians. Different models may be used in diverse nursing domains and employed at all phases of complexity. Watson’s theory is founded on the concept of empathy and defines the significance of the environment, connections, and disease avoidance as its guiding principles (Gunawan et al., 2022). Watson’s theory assists family nurse practitioners in enhancing the care they deliver and patient outcomes.

Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

  • Watson’s theory highlights life’s worth
  • Vital aspects include patient-provider
  • Transpersonal care views nurse-patient relationships
  • All bodily systems are interrelated

Watson’s theory highlights life’s inherent worth and stresses the need to base nursing care on a caring concept. Vital aspects of this theory include the patient-provider moment, an emphasis on overall wellbeing, and the value of the environment. Transpersonal care views nurse-patient relationships as a spiritual connection (King et al., 2021). All bodily systems are interrelated and should be handled as a whole when a patient’s overall health is prioritized.

Applicability to Family Nurse Practitioners

  • Values used across all disciplines
  • Family nurse practitioners utilize it
  • Emphasis on care and medicine
  • A strong relationship with patients

The values of human caring may be used across all medical disciplines. For example, family nurse practitioners can utilize it to promote positive patient outcomes. This field’s emphasis on general care and preventive medicine is consistent with the theory’s fundamental ideas. Family nurse practitioners may use this paradigm by fostering a strong relationship with patients and assisting them in establishing a healthy family environment and lifestyle.

Positive Relationships and Supportive Care

  • Relationship is fundamental to involvement
  • It is difficult for caregivers
  • The next stage for treatments
  • Social ties influence health consequences

Relationship management is fundamental to patient and family involvement. Due to the pervasive nature of economic concerns and their impact on all aspects of life, it can be difficult for caregivers to rationalize, from a financial sense, enabling employees to create loving connections with patients. The next stage for health treatments is Jean Watson’s notion of human caring. Social ties influence various health consequences, as indicated by scientific research.

Supportive Care and Jean Watson’s theory

  • The main elements of theory
  • Care for oneself and others
  • Important characteristics of nurse practitioners
  • Characteristics promote a meditative attitude

The main elements of Watson’s caring theory strengthen supportive care and good relationship ideals. Relational care for oneself and others, as well as transpersonal loving interactions, are essential principles. Important characteristics of family nurse practitioners include the awareness of diverse modes of knowledge. These characteristics promote a meditative attitude and a culture of positive relationships in the health care environment.

The Significance of Supportive Care for Favorable Health Outcomes

  • Application of theory involves caratas
  • Theory based on ten factors
  • Nurses involve emotions in relationship
  • Supportive care increases treatment effectiveness

The application of Watson’s theory involves carative components or caratas practices. Watson’s theory is used in care settings based on ten evaluative factors. Nurses involve their emotions in the supportive associations, being open to emotional and spiritual insights while attending to the patient’s health requirements (Sentürk & Küçükgüçlü, 2021). Supportive care increases treatment effectiveness, decreases therapy discontinuation due to adverse effects, and improves results.

Using Watson’s Theory in Care Settings

  • The theory’s application of compassion
  • Developing a connection of trust
  • A caring-healing perspective requires learning
  • Watson’s approach enables authentic teaching-learning

The theory’s application is illustrated as the exercise of compassion, serenity, and sincerity, which facilitate spiritual practice. Developing a connection of trust and assistance facilitates the articulation of both happy and negative emotions. A caring-healing perspective requires a desire to learn from caring experiences. Watson’s approach enables family nurse practitioners to participate in an authentic teaching-learning experience, fostering healing environments.

Evidence-Based Practice to Address Positive Relationships and Supportive Care

  • Nurse practitioners may encounter disdain
  • Compassion in nursing is necessary
  • Nursing education curriculum promotes care
  • Principles and values govern practice

Family nurse practitioners may encounter disdain, rage, impatience, and apathy from many sectors of the healthcare field. To neutralize this experience, building compassion in nursing is necessary for nurses’ vital tranquility. This can be fostered if the nursing education curriculum includes the skill to promote care. When principles and values govern practice, nurses utilize them as a lens through which to observe their profession, engage, and create an atmosphere conducive to delivering supportive care and meaningful relationships.

Insight Offered through the Application of Watson’s Theory

  • Applying Watson’s theory guide work
  • Effective nursing care enhances practice
  • Compassion is incorporated into routine
  • Environmental aspect foster social relationship

Applying Watson’s theory reveals that family nurse practitioners can select the lens to guide their work. Effective nursing care enhances and reinforces a practitioner’s comprehension of caring theory via practice. When a compassionate approach is incorporated into their everyday routine, family nurse practitioners appreciate their critical importance to the healthcare environment. The environmental aspect of treatment entails fostering a rehabilitative social relationship with the patient.


  • Watson’s idea supports open perspective
  • Nurses should interact with patients
  • Theory benefits patients and providers
  • Caring model allows genuine experiences

Jean Watson’s idea of caring supports a dynamic and open perspective in nursing practices. Nurses are urged to interact with patients and their families genuinely and spiritually to create a beneficial environment for all stakeholders. This strategy allows patients and providers to gain from their shared experiences. Incorporating the caring model into the curriculum design makes nursing students study early to integrate it into the care setting, allowing for a more genuine experience for nurses and their patients.


Gunawan, J., Aungsuroch, Y., Watson, J., & Marzilli, C. (2022). Nursing administration: Watson’s theory of human caring. Nursing Science Quarterly, 35(2), 235-243. Web.

King, C., Rossetti, J., Smith, T. J., Smyth, S., Moscatel, S., Raison, M., Gorman, R., Gallegos, D., & Watson, J. (2021). Workplace incivility and nursing staff: An analysis through the lens of Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. International Journal for Human Caring, 25(4), 283-291. Web.

Sentürk, S. G., & Küçükgüçlü, Ö. (2021). Bridging healing and therapy: A mixed-methods study on support group intervention based on Watson’s Theory of human caring. Holistic Nursing Practice, 35(2), 81-91. Web.

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NursingBird. (2023, September 23). Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice. Retrieved from https://nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/


NursingBird. (2023, September 23). Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice. https://nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/

Work Cited

"Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice." NursingBird, 23 Sept. 2023, nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/.


NursingBird. (2023) 'Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice'. 23 September.


NursingBird. 2023. "Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice." September 23, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/.

1. NursingBird. "Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice." September 23, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/.


NursingBird. "Watson's Theory to Support Evidence-Based Practice." September 23, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/watsons-theory-to-support-evidence-based-practice/.