According to the test I passed, I have a low risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In general, I expected such results, as I try to maintain a healthy lifestyle and monitor my body’s state. It helps me to prevent various diseases and stay fit. However, there is no doubt that the risk of developing diabetes increases with age, so we need to regularly monitor our condition. There are several ways to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
Water is essential for the functioning of the entire body. The proper functioning of the pancreas seriously depends on what the person drinks. Juices, carbonated drinks, alcohol negatively affect this organ, and systemic failures occur. Any other beverages cannot replace pure drinking water, and the amount of its consumption per day must be at least 1.5-2 liters. People can drink at any time of the day. To make it a good habit, it is recommended to record the amount of water a person drinks per day.
An adequate diet helps not only to prevent the disease but also to reduce the pathological processes with an existing problem. Eating foods that contain sugar, fast carbohydrates, preservatives, and high amounts of fat are a major cause of type 2 diabetes. The ingestion of fast carbohydrates into the bloodstream causes sharp jumps in sugar and contributes to weight gain. Proper preventive nutrition should be balanced and have sufficient nutrients for the body (Holt, Cockram, Flyvbjerg & Goldstein, 2017). It is better to eat at the same time of the day regularly. The diet may contain the following foods: sugar-free cereals; slightly sweet fruits, berries, and a large number of vegetables and herbs; low-fat meat and fish; mushrooms; legumes; dairy and fermented milk products with a low percentage of fat content; a small number of eggs; black and gray bread; nuts in limited quantities. It is important to reduce sweets, baked products, bananas, grapes, and other sweet fruits and berries.
Getting enough physical activity helps improve insulin production and generally speeds up metabolism, helping maintain a healthy weight. For this measure to be beneficial, a person needs to engage in 20 to 30 minutes a day and generally increase activity. It will be enough to make intense walks in the first stages, ride a bike, do aerobic exercises or run. If desired, the intensity can be gradually increased. In everyday life, it is worth replacing trips by car to nearby points with walks and going up the floor without using the elevator. The concept of a healthy lifestyle also includes giving up bad habits, the absence of stress, and monitoring one’s condition.
Hypoglycemia is a decrease in plasma glucose concentration. Reasons include non-adherence to the insulin therapy regimen for diabetes (skipping meals, exercise, alcohol consumption), various endocrine and metabolic disorders, and cancer (Kimuyu, 2017). The clinical symptom complex is represented by vegetative and neuropsychic conditions of varying severity. With hypoglycemia, there is a sharp and strong feeling of hunger, muscle tremors, sweating. The cardiovascular system reacts with increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, angina pectoris in the heart. Neuropsychic symptoms include anxiety, motor excitement, depressed mood, or, conversely, a feeling of euphoria. People should be attentive to these symptoms and, if necessary, seek the help of doctors.
Holt, R., Cockram, C., Flyvbjerg, A., & Goldstein, B. (2017). Textbook of diabetes. John Wiley & Sons.
Kimuyu, P. (2017). Diabetes as a chronic disease. Causes and effects of diabetes on organ systems. GRIN Verlag.