The main aim of the health regulatory agencies in the US is to guide and regulate all spheres of public and private health maintenance, taking into consideration the range from state to federal. Healthcare tends to be one of the most regulated areas in the US nowadays. The origins of state and local supervision lay in the US Constitution. The government possesses the defined power in questions that influence the lives of citizens, regardless of the state. This work will research several leading regulatory agencies and observe their area and position in US health care.
The Main Regulatory Agencies of Health Care in the US
People clearly understand the significance and importance of rules and regulations provided in case of protection and help for guidance in delivered care or patient’s experience. The work of concrete facilities is regulated by local authorities, who have to abide by state and federal structures (Dentzer, 2019). Every section of the health care environment has its regulations. The regulatory agencies of different ranges administrate the hospitals, providers, and other health care facilities.
|Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) |
|Level / Scope / Role||Impacts for Nursing (APRN, DNP)||Specialty Area|
|The OSHA serves as a federal regulatory agency related to the United States Department of Labor. The primary purpose of this initiative is to provide training, educational programs, any kinds of assistance and overacts to establish healthy, busy circumstances for working staff and develop standards to all these spheres. There are several hundreds of OSHA safety and health regulations (Joel & Peterson, 2020). Under OSHA regulations, the employer has several responsibilities: familiarity and enforcement of standards for workplace areas, the necessity to take all required measures for providing safety for workers at their workplaces, and be familiar with the «General Duty Clause» etc.||OSHA’s regulations towards the nurses are connected with standards for handling patients.||As noted, the specialty of OSHA is increasingly connected with safety at the workplace, which includes state-run health and safety plans.|
|US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)|
|The lead mission of EPA includes the protection of human health and the environment. EPA is a federal regulatory structure that works in case to ensure that Americans have unpolluted air, water, and land, effort to reduce environmental risks that can significantly influence human’s health and review the medicines to be safe for consumers. EPA also provides easy access to all necessary information about human health and environmental risks.||Cornerstones of Public Health Nursing||EPA is concentrated on connections between people’s health and safety according to the environment.|
|Institute of Medicine (IOM)|
|The IOM works outside the government and aims to provide impartial and scientific advice to the people and decision-makers according to the questions of the nation’s health.||IOM also conducts several studies in questions of nursing future.||It was founded in 1970 and concentrated on arranging the specific knowledge and database on significant issues in medicine.|
|The National Institute of Health (NIH)|
|Currently, the federal regulatory agency has 27 various institutions and centers. NIH is one of the essential institutes working to improve health and family wealth fairs in the country (Kadri et al., 2019). One of the organizations was in the public eye during the COVID — the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, provided researches and analysis of tests, vaccines, and treatments.||National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)||The NIH organizations are responsible for medical and epidemiological researches.|
|The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)|
|The FDA is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services and has enormous regulatory scope and frameworks in public health.||The FDA is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services and has enormous regulatory scope and frameworks in public health. The FDA deals with medicines, medical devices and accomplishes the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.|
Regulatory health agencies play an essential role in the life of Americans. As with any other regulations, the health laws, acts, programs, etc., are provided and developed in case of possible improvement of people’s lives, health, and welfare. The health care regulations afford necessary information about medical field changes, advocate safety and comfort during work, and monitor the current performance of the health care facilities in case of detection and solving the problems and inconsistencies.
Dentzer, S. (2019). Healthcare without Walls: A Roadmap for Reinventing US Health Care. NEHI.
Joel, M. C. & Peterson, R. D. (2020). The Complete Guide to OSHA Compliance. CRC Press.
Kadri, A., Rashmi, K., Khan, A. M. & Kakkar, R. (Eds.). (2019). IAPSM’s Textbook of Community Medicine. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers.