Breastfeeding During Pregnancy

The article is written by Joseph Molitoris who is a Hungarian researcher at the Hungarian Demographic Research Institute. Although breast-feeding is considered beneficial for both mother and the child, it is not positive in some cases (Brock, 2019). In his case study, the author broaches the subject of breast-feeding during pregnancy (BDP) and its influence on women’s health and estimates the risk of miscarriages and preterm births as well. His purpose is to find out what impact BDP has on women during their second pregnancy, the number of such cases in various countries, and the changes in women’s bodies caused by lactating.

In the Methods part, Molitoris describes the data used to calculate the needed variables and the models employed to visualize the results of the study. The author examines the data covering the period from 2002 to 2015 and representing breast-feeding women aged 15-44. The researcher explains to readers the models he used to describe the outcomes as well as the structure of the analysis process. During the research, Joseph Molitoris (2019) used various methods such as supplementary analyses, Cox proportional hazard models, and probability estimating figures.

In the Results section, a variety of outcomes is presented to the reader. The author provides the percentage of miscarriages calculated to such criteria as age, length of the breast-feeding period, interpregnancy intervals. Some data is structured in tables for better understanding, and each subject is accompanied by percentages as well. In this part, the results of the sensitivity analysis based on reestimated data are added and the methods used for counting are revised.

In the Discussion part, all the results are summarized and explained for the non-medical audience. Strength and limitations are mentioned by the author to depict the risks of breast-feeding during pregnancy, mention limitations and difficulties faced during the research process, and the opportunities of overcoming those limitations in future research. The final conclusion includes advice to future researchers on the topic and provides a summary of the research outcomes.


Brock, E. G., Long, L. (2019). Breast feeding. Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine, 29(5), 136-140. Web.

Molitoris, J. (2019). Breast-feeding during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(3), 153-163. Web.

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NursingBird. (2022, September 14). Breastfeeding During Pregnancy. Retrieved from


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"Breastfeeding During Pregnancy." NursingBird, 14 Sept. 2022,


NursingBird. (2022) 'Breastfeeding During Pregnancy'. 14 September.


NursingBird. 2022. "Breastfeeding During Pregnancy." September 14, 2022.

1. NursingBird. "Breastfeeding During Pregnancy." September 14, 2022.


NursingBird. "Breastfeeding During Pregnancy." September 14, 2022.