Official statistics says that the residents of Miami, Dade have recently been showing a conspicuous tendency to develop CVD (Carey & Gray, 2012). According to the existing data, these rates have reached an egregious scale over the past few years. Women in their 60s seem to prevail among the specified demographics (Shehab, Al-Dabbagh, AlHabib, Alsheikh-Ali, Almahmeed, Sulaiman, Al-Motarreb, Nagelkerke, Al Suwaidi & Amin, 2013).The incontrovertible evidence of CVD becoming a major health concern in the specified area is an obvious sign of the problem that needs to be explored (Sabbadini, Travan & Toigo, 2012).
The goal of the research is to prove that there is a dangerously low level of knowledge and a tangible lack of resources in locating the most efficient methods of prevention, early detection and treatment of CVD in women in their 60s in Miami, Dade. Judging by the current rates of CVD patients among the target audience in the above-mentioned area, certain factors affect their health, thus, threatening their lives and contributing to a sharp increase in mortality rates among elderly women in Miami Dade. The key objectives of the study include a closer analysis of the negative factors that affect the development of the CVD; for instance, the hereditary diseases that the residents of the area may have (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc.), as well as specific environmental issues, e.g., air pollution, and other crucial issues spurring the development of CVD in women over 60 will be researched (Panagiotakos, Pitsavos, Kourlaba, Mantas, Zombolos, Kogias, Antonoulas, Stravopodis & Stefanadis, 2007).
The research question will help locate an appropriate modality for addressing the problem of CVD rates increase among women over 60. By defining the research question, one will be capable of drafting a method for addressing the issue in question and, therefore, locating a viable solution (Kunadian, Qiu, Bawamia, Veerasamy, Jamieson & Zaman, 2013). The methods and tools for educating senior citizens about the significance of tests and screening for diabetes can be viewed as the subject of the study (i.e., the so-called “what-element”) (Poon, Goodman, Yan, Bugiardini, Bierman, Eagle, Johnston, Huynh, Grondin, Schenck-Gustafsson & Yan, 2012).
As far as the second part of the research question is concerned, the methods of conducting the intervention and facilitating the change in the specified environment (i.e., the “how-element”) are to be located (Lovlien, Schei & Hole, 2008). At present, it is suggested that the education process among the elderly female residents of Miami may be conducted with the help of traditional media, specifically, booklets, articles in journals, bulletins, etc. (Shirato & Swan, 2010). Next, the women in their 60s residing in Miami can be considered the “who-element,” or the research participants. Speaking of the “where-element,” the location of the study has already been identified as Miami Dade, FL. Finally, the concern for the quality of life of the target population can be viewed as the “why-element,” or the key reason for the research. The latter, in fact, can be viewed as the most essential element of the research question, as it creates the premises for locating the solution to the problem in question. It should be noted that a range of characteristics of the demographics in the target region, including ethnic and cultural background, must be taken into account in the course of the analysis, as previous researches have shown the prevalence of national minorities among the women affected by CVD (Veciana-Suarez, 2014).
It is assumed that both hereditary and environmental factors have their effect on elderly women in the designated area, and that a change in lifestyle, availability of information concerning CVD and provision of efficient treatment for CVD victims wil have a major effect on the current CVD rates in Miami Dade, FL.
The development of CVD in the specified area has little to do with hereditary and environmental factors.
Carey, S. A., & Gray, J. R. (2012). Women and heart disease: A diagnostic challenge. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 8(6), 458-463.
Kunadian, V., Qiu, W., Bawamia, B., Veerasamy, M., Jamieson, S., & Zaman, A. (2013). Gender comparisons in cardiogenic shock during ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The American journal of cardiology, 112(5), 636-641.
Lovlien, M., Schei, B., & Hole, T. (2008). Myocardial infarction: Psychosocial aspects, gender differences and impact on pre-hospital delay. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 63(2), 148. Web.
Panagiotakos, D. B., Pitsavos, C., Kourlaba, G., Mantas, Y., Zombolos, S., Kogias, Y., Antonoulas, A., Stravopodis, P. & Stefanadis, C. (2007). Sex-related characteristics in hospitalized patients with acute coronary syndromes–the Greek Study of Acute Coronary Syndromes (GREECS). Heart and vessels, 22(1), 9-15.
Poon, S., Goodman, S. G., Yan, R. T., Bugiardini, R., Bierman, A. S., Eagle, K. A., Johnston, N., Huynh, T., Grondin, F. R., Schenck-Gustafsson, K. & Yan, A. T. (2012). Bridging the gender gap: Insights from a contemporary analysis of sex-related differences in the treatment and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. American heart journal, 163(1), 66-73.
Sabbadini, G., Travan, L., & Toigo, G. (2012). Elderly women with heart failure: Unseen, unheard or simply forgotten? Aging Health, 8(2), 191-204.
Shehab, A., Al-Dabbagh, B., AlHabib, K. F., Alsheikh-Ali, A. A., Almahmeed, W., Sulaiman, K., Al-Motarreb, A., Nagelkerke, N., Al Suwaidi, J. & Amin, H. (2013). Gender disparities in the presentation, management and outcomes of acute coronary syndrome patients: data from the 2nd Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2). PloS one, 8(2), e55508.
Shirato, S., & Swan, B. A. (2010). Women and cardiovascular disease: An evidentiary review. Medsurg Nursing, 19(5), 282-6, 306. Web.
Veciana-Suarez, A. (2014). Hispanic, black women bear the brunt of cardiovascular disease. Miami Herald. Web.