Resource management entails the practices adopted by organizations to ensure the effective development of the resources within an organization. Examples of the resources include human capital, financial resources, and production resources. The following paper analyzes how resource management contributes to improved performance.
Simulation-based training is a valuable tool for enhancing the effectiveness of human resources. The tool is used for training purposes to improve the efficiency of health care professionals (Bruppacher et al. 2010). Chan et al. (2016) conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study to investigate the effects of simulation training in human resource management. The study was carried out in Hong Kong’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital and included participants from various departments within the hospital. The simulation training included scenarios and sessions for debriefing. During the training, crew resource management principles were taught. The results showed that the responses of the study participants were related to relevance, debriefing, course organization, and realism. Thus, the application of crew resource management plays a critical role in enhancing the job satisfaction of health caregivers as it promotes situational awareness, decision making, and assertiveness.
Frequent sick absence negatively affects the effectiveness of service delivery in a health care setting (Schaufeli, Bakker & van Rhenen, 2010). Notenbomer, Roelen, van Rhenen and Groothoff (2016) conducted a study to explore the causes and the remedies to the frequent sickness absence. The study was based on a qualitative study in which the frequent absentees were involved. The analysis of the qualitative data by application of the theoretical framework of Job Demands-Resources showed that unhealthy lifestyles, poor work-life balance, the diminished feeling of responsibility, and chronic illnesses were the leading causes of frequent absences. The study established that the effectiveness of the human resource can be achieved by ensuring proper management of communication processes within the hospital.
Allocation of resources influences the effectiveness of healthcare facilities. The efficacy and efficiency of hospitals are compromised if the distribution of resources is skewed (Rezapour & Asefzadeh, 2010). For example, lack of motivated health professionals, inadequate training, and lack of job rotation lower efficiency. Rezapour, Azar, Zadeh, Roumiani, and Faradonbeh (2015) conducted a study to investigate how the allocations of resources influence effectiveness. The study measured the technical efficiency of hospitals. The study established that the optimal allocation of resources plays a paramount role in enhancing effectiveness and performance.
Bruppacher, H., Alam, S., LeBlanc, V., Latter, D., Naik, V., Savoldelli, G.,… & Joo, H. S. (2010). Simulation-based training improves physicians’ performance in patient care in high-stakes clinical setting of cardiac surgery. The Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists, 112(4), 985-992.
Chan, C., So, E., Ng, G., Ma, T., Chan, K., & Ho, L. (2016). Participant evaluation of simulation training using crew resource management in a hospital setting in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 1(1), 1-7.
Notenbomer, A., Roelen, C., van Rhenen, W., & Groothoff, J. (2016). Focus Group Study Exploring Factors Related to Frequent Sickness Absence. PloS One, 11(2), 1-12.
Rezapour, A., & Asefzadeh, S. (2010). Study economic efficiency of teaching hospitals of Qazvin University of medical sciences. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences, 18(71), 55-63.
Rezapour, A., Azar, F., Zadeh, N., Roumiani, Y., & Faradonbeh, S. (2015). Technical efficiency and resources allocation in university hospitals in Tehran, 2009- 2012. Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 29(1), 266-269.
Schaufeli, W., Bakker, A., & Van Rhenen, W. (2010). How changes in job demands and resources predict burnout, work engagement, and sickness absenteeism. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30(7), 893-917.