Nursing theory accumulates constantly updated theoretical knowledge and practical evidence, which helps nurses in their practices. Nowadays, it is primarily concerned with producing and gathering evidence to ensure quality care (Alligood, 2017). Simultaneously, the theory is not uniform, as views on which concept is the most significant vary. For instance, Watson (2019) focuses on care, its structure and factors, and how the caring process enriches nursing practice. Neuman takes a systematic approach and emphasizes the environment’s role on the patient, who is influenced by various stressors (Beckman & Fawcett, 2019).
Meanwhile, Dossey (2019) considers the nursing component and aims to clarify what a nurse’s worldview should be, which can elevate the profession further. Lastly, Newman attempts to redefine health and employs a spiritual approach to it (Pharris, 2019). Despite the disparities, all theories acknowledge other concepts and integrate them; for example, Dossey (2019) believes that a nurse should properly apply knowledge of environmental impacts to obtain positive health outcomes. Overall, modern nursing theory operates on practical evidence and continues developing the main concepts.
Nursing theory will help shape the research project focused on the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases in various ways. First, the existing evidence will be investigated to determine what has been achieved regarding the issue. Second, the project will be conducted while considering that other nurses might use it in their practice. All four concepts will be considered, but special attention will be given to determining what kind of care is necessary to facilitate disease prevention. It will help decide what can be changed or improved to achieve a higher quality of life. However, other concepts will also be relevant, such as the nurse’s stigma toward the patient, so the project will have to approach its goal in a synthesized way.
Alligood, M. R. (2017). Introduction to nursing theory: Its history and significance. In M. R. Alligood (Ed.), Nursing theorists and their work (9th ed., pp. 2-10). Elsevier.
Beckman, S., & Fawcett, J. (2019). Betty Neuman’s systems model. In M. C. Smith (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (5th ed., pp. 165-182). F. A. Davis Company.
Dossey, B. M. (2019). Barbara Dossey’s theory of integral nursing. In M. C. Smith (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (5th ed., pp. 211-234). F. A. Davis Company.
Pharris, M. D. (2019). Margaret Newman’s theory of health as expanding consciousness. In M. C. Smith (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (5th ed., pp. 271-290). F. A. Davis Company.
Watson, J. (2019). Jean Watson’s theory unitary caring science and theory of human caring. In M. C. Smith (Ed.), Nursing theories and nursing practice (5th ed., pp. 311-332). F. A. Davis Company.