Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings

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Introduction: Martha Rogers Metaparadigm

Martha Rogers presents one of the best nursing theories. Rogersā€™ Unitary Human Beings Theory makes it easier for nurses to provide quality support to their patients. Nurses should always ā€œsupport the health expectations for every patientā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 36). This grand theory ā€œis applicable in every peritoneal dialysis settingā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 46). Caregivers and physicians can use Martha Rogersā€™ theory of Unitary Beings whenever helping their patients in a peritoneal dialysis setting. According to the theory, human beings are inseparable with their immediate environments (Jarrin, 2012). Nursing is a useful practice because it focuses on human beings. Nurses should analyze ā€œevery mutual interaction between human beings and their environmentsā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 458). Such interactions create unique field processes that determine peopleā€™s wellness or illness. This definition explains why the theory is applicable in many healthcare settings.

Martha Rogersā€™ Background

Martha Rogersā€™ background made it easier for her to develop this nursing theory. The theorist was born on May 12, 1914 in Texas. Rogers ā€œattained her diploma in 1936 from Knoxville Hospital School of Nursingā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 65). She later graduated from George Peabody College with a diploma in public health. She obtained ā€œher doctorate degree in 1954 from Johns Hopkins Universityā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 18). Martha Rogers died on March 13, 1914. Martha acquired new ideas from her learning processes. She also worked with different populations and patients. Martha ā€œstudied widely in order to widen her knowledge in humanities and artsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 18). She was always synthesizing new facts and ideas for her theory. This practice made it easier for Rogers to develop one of the best nursing theories.

Martha Rogers produced several articles and publications as an educationist. Rogersā€™ first article was ā€œTheoretical Basis of Nursingā€. She published the article in 1970. She published her second article in 1988. The name of the article was ā€œNursing Science and Art: A Prospectiveā€. She described and analyzed her nursing theory in the article ā€œNursing: Science of Unitary and Irreducible Human Beingsā€. Martha Rogersā€™ also published a new article called ā€œVision of Space Based Nursingā€. The above articles presented the best concepts and ideas about Martha Rogersā€™ theory. Many scholars such as Betty Neuman have used Rogersā€™ theory to develop their models for quality nursing.

The Science of Unitary Human Beings Theory addressed several problems in nursing. Caregivers viewed nursing as a practice aimed at providing the best support to different patients. Many patients were unable to achieve the best health outcomes because of ineffective nursing practices. Nurses ā€œdid not analyze how the environment affected peopleā€™s health outcomesā€ (Jarrin, 2012, p. 18). Nurses did not view human beings as complete systems. The theory ā€œencouraged nurses and caregivers to redefine nursing before providing the best care to their patientsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 98). She also explained how ā€œthe environment was a pan-dimensional energy field within a personā€™s systemā€ (Jarrin, 2012, p. 18). Nurses have embraced this theory because it offers the best support to patients in different environments.

Martha Rogers Nursing Theory Description

Rogers used an inductive reasoning for her Unitary Human Beings Theory. Martha Rogers used various concepts, ideas, and thoughts to bring many aspects of nursing together. The theorist used her background in art and science to develop the nursing model. She also synthesized many facts and ideas in order to present the best model for nurses and physicians. She managed to develop ā€œa complete theory that focused on every aspect of nursing and patient careā€ (Jarrin, 2012, p. 18). The theorist also examined the role of the environment towards a personā€™s health condition. She also analyzed the relationships between human beings and their surrounding environments. This explains how she developed her famous concept of integrality. The inductive approach made it easier for Martha Rogers to develop one of the best nursing models.

The theorist uses several concepts and terms for her nursing model. She also offers both operational and theoretical definitions for these concepts. Martha Rogers identifies eight unique concepts for her nursing theory. The first one is energy field. This field is an important unit in every non-living or living object. She defines ā€œopenness as the interaction between environmental fields and human fieldsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 68). Such fields are always exchanging their energies. The other concept is pattern. This refers to the outstanding characteristic of every energy field. This pattern occurs as a single wave. She uses ā€œthe term homodynamic principle to explain how individuals should perceive unitary human beingsā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 454). She also identifies three major homodynamic principles. These ā€œprinciples are helicy, integrality, and resonanceā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 59). The other useful concept is pan dimensionality. The principle ā€œrefers to the non-linear domains existing without temporal or spatial aspectsā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 454).

The theorist defines the above concepts in an explicit manner. The author gives accurate definitions for every concept. Martha uses the above definitions to develop her nursing theory. She goes further to identify new concepts in order to improve her nursing theory. Resonance ā€œis the arrangement characterizing both environmental and human fieldsā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 454). Such fields are also relevant towards supporting peopleā€™s health. Helicy is ā€œthe continuous and unpredictable evolution of the above fields of energyā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 76). These explicit definitions make it easier for clinicians to use Marthaā€™s theory in different nursing practices.

Martha uses the three hemodynamic principles to bring define and analyze her concepts. She uses several terms to explain how different energy fields come together. The theory also explains how such concepts are inseparable from one another. Both ā€œenvironmental and human fields are constantly exchanging their energiesā€ (98). The created pattern supports the concept of openness. Such relationships also result in non-linear domains. Such ā€œdomains explains why there are lives are not ordered in any specific mannerā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 84). This discussion explains why the theorist offers the best relationships for her concepts.

Martha Rogers Nursing Theory Evaluation

Martha Rogers presents several values and beliefs for her nursing theory. She offers explicit definitions and ideas to describe the strength and effectiveness of her theory. She explains how human beings are complete systems with several parts. She also identifies the role of the environment towards a personā€™s health condition. Martha uses explicit arguments to explain how human beings relate with their surrounding environments. She also offers the best assumptions to describe her nursing theory. She uses several homodynamic principles to explain how human beings exchange their energies with their immediate environments. This description makes it easier for readers to understand how human beings are inseparable with their environments. She also offers some implicit assumptions to explain how caregivers can re-pattern their patientsā€™ energy fields (Watson & Smith, 2002). Such arguments and assumptions are critical for every nursing practice.

Rogersā€™ nursing theory gives a detailed description of the four meta-paradigms of nursing. The first ā€œmeta-paradigm of nursing is personā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 455). Martha identifies this meta-paradigm as unitary human beings. She ā€œdefines a unitary being as an indivisible and irreducible energy field that has unique characteristicsā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 59). Such characteristics are unique to the whole human being. This description explains why caregivers should consider every health issue affecting their patients. The author also uses the second meta-paradigm of nursing in her theory. She defines ā€œthe environment as a pan-dimensional and irreducible energy field that has a unique patternā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 103). Nurses and physicians can use the above fields to understand the health conditions and demands of their patients. Some unique manifestations also emerge from these patterns.

The theorist also explains how the above energy fields and interactions determine the health conditions of the targeted individuals. Martha Rogers uses ā€œthe third meta-paradigm to explain how illness and health are part of the human continuumā€ (Watson & Smith, 2002, p. 458). Nurse Practitioners (NPs) should define health as a personā€™s life process. Many events ā€œtake place along a personā€™s axis thus determining his or her health conditionsā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 59). Nurses must ā€œidentify such events in order to promote the best health outcomesā€ (Alligood, 2013, p. 59). According to Rogers, the fourth meta-paradigm is critical because it serves vulnerable populations and patients. According to Martha, nursing is ā€œthe creative use of art and science to improve peopleā€™s health conditionsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 87). Nurses can use their intellectual and imaginative abilities to promote the best medical practices. The practice will ensure every patient gets quality medical care and support.

Martha Rogersā€™ Science of Unitary Beings is one of the best nursing theories. The theory presents clear concepts and ideas for better nursing practice. The theorist uses meaningful concepts and terms to develop the nursing model. The author also explains how nurses and caregivers can embrace new skills and concepts in order to re-pattern their patientsā€™ energy fields. The theory also presents consistent arguments and assumptions to the reader. She also encourages caregivers and nurses to acquire new knowledge. The practice will encourage the use of scientific facts and ideas. Rogers also encourages our societies to embrace nursing because it will help every person. According to Jarrin (2012, p. 16), ā€œscientific knowledge and responsibility are powerful tools towards better nursing practiceā€. The above discussion explains why clinicians must use Marthaā€™s Unitary Human Beings Theory.

Martha Rogers Metaparadigm Application

The Science of Unitary Human Beings Theory is critical towards guiding every nursing action. The theory encourages nurses to appreciate the significant of their surrounding environments. The theory also explains why scholars and caregivers must read widely. The practice will equip them with new concepts and skills for better practice. Nursing ā€œis a critical practice because it improves the relationships between human beings and their environmentsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 59). According to Jarrin (2012, p. 17), ā€œlogical analyses and scientific researches are also critical towards supporting the health needs of different patientsā€. Medical practitioners can develop the best nursing philosophies using the above theory. Such philosophies will encourage caregivers to provide quality support to their patients.

Rogerā€™s nursing model is relevant because it presents the best competencies for effective practice. The theory makes it easier for clinicians to embrace the four meta-paradigms of nursing. The theory encourages clinicians to serve their clients using the best practices. Our society has a responsibility to promote the best health outcomes. Martha Rogers presents the best concepts for better medical practice. The theory also ā€œexplains why clinicians should be ready to restore their patientsā€™ energy fieldsā€ (Jarrin, 2012, p. 18). This practice is necessary every patient requires the best nursing care. Human beings can also experience the best health outcomes even when they have diseases in their bodies.

I will always use this theory whenever providing quality care to my patients. I am currently working in a peritoneal dialysis setting. Patients in this setting require the best medical support and attention. Rogersā€™ theory equips me with the best concepts for better nursing practice. My goal is to ensure every patient achieves his or her health goals. I will read widely in order to acquire new competencies as a clinician. I am ready to improve my nursing practice using Rogersā€™ theory. Nurse Practitioners (NPs) should make ā€œnursing a universal practice that can improve the health conditions of vulnerable populationsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 92). I will always be ready to re-pattern the health experiences and energy fields of my patients. I will use the theory to develop my personal nursing philosophy. The theory will equip me with the best ideas for better nursing practice. My duty is ā€œto provide the best support and care to my patientsā€ (Meleis, 2011, p. 102). This practice will ensure my patients achieve their health goals.

Reference List

Alligood, M. (2013). Nursing Theorists and Their Work. New York, NY: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Jarrin, O. (2012). The Integrality of Situated Caring in Nursing and the Environment. Advanced Nursing Science, 35(1), 14-24.

Meleis, I. (2011). Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer Health.

Watson, J., & Smith, M. (2002). Caring Science and the Science of Unitary Human Beings: A Trans-theoretical Discourse for Nursing Knowledge Development. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 37(5), 452-461.

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NursingBird. (2023, February 19). Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings. Retrieved from https://nursingbird.com/martha-rogers-science-of-unitary-beings/

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"Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings." NursingBird, 19 Feb. 2023, nursingbird.com/martha-rogers-science-of-unitary-beings/.

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NursingBird. (2023) 'Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings'. 19 February.

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NursingBird. 2023. "Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings." February 19, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/martha-rogers-science-of-unitary-beings/.

1. NursingBird. "Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings." February 19, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/martha-rogers-science-of-unitary-beings/.


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NursingBird. "Martha Rogers Metaparadigm: Science of Unitary Beings." February 19, 2023. https://nursingbird.com/martha-rogers-science-of-unitary-beings/.