When patients reach an older age, it is essential to instruct them on the interventions that will be comprehensive and will allow them to maintain a high a standard of living as possible. Older adults become susceptible to contagion, and their health status becomes lower (Lee & Ory, 2013). It happens due to immune changes that can be reduced through appropriate vaccination, physical activity, and nutrition. The list of 12 interventions will allow reducing hospitalizations and enabling productivity:
- The key vaccines for older adults include seasonal or annual influenza, pneumococcal, Herpes zoster, Hepatitis B, and Diphtheria vaccinations. In terms of Pneumococcal vaccination, it includes Strep pneumonia and polysaccharide.
- Physical activity is essential. Half an hour of exercise daily would ensure maintaining strength, balance, and flexibility.
- If the condition does not allow exercising, it is advisable to spend a couple of hours brisk walking (Lee & Ory, 2013). Brisk walking is an effective method of aerobic exercise.
- Such activities as gardening, dancing, swimming, and other active occupations can also be considered physical exercising.
- It is crucial to perform muscle-strengthening activities up to several times per week. The length and intensity should be determined by the physical condition.
- To achieve energy equilibrium a balanced diet is essential. Saturated fats should be excluded. Also, it is advisable to avoid consuming trans-fatty acids.
- It is highly advisable to eat fruits and vegetables daily.
- Besides, whole grains and nuts should be included in the ration.
- To maintain mental health, a person should consume B group vitamins and glucose (Lee & Ory, 2013).
- Joining mental activities such as playing games (for instance, Scrabble), attending foreign language courses, and using memory triggers will ensure mental health and sufficient memory.
- Socialization is also necessary to maintain health, good memory and avoid depressive moods.
- Joining social groups and local organizations would be helpful to find out what senior activities are available in the area.
Lee, W., & Ory, M. (2013). The engagement in physical activity for middle-aged and older adults with multiple chronic conditions: Findings from a community health assessment. Journal of Aging Research, 1-8.