Breast Cancer Detection: Evidence-Based Project

Nowadays, breast cancer belongs to a number of diseases having a significant impact on mortality rates in the world. The number of new cases of breast cancer remains high in many countries. For instance, almost 250,000 new cases of the disease were registered in 2016 (Siegel, Miller, & Jemal, 2016). Taking into account that breast cancer is considered to be the most common type of cancer affecting adult women, modern researchers should pay more attention to methods that can help to increase the rate of early detection of breast cancer. In particular, consideration must be given to the role of healthcare providers in the early detection of breast cancer (Smith & Brawley, 2014).

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It is supposed that healthcare providers who increase their female patients’ awareness of practices for breast cancer detection make a positive contribution to the health of the population. The early detection of breast cancer is extremely important as it reduces the sums of money spent on treatment and reduces the risks of complications for women having cancer in the early stages.

Considering the significance of early detection of breast cancer in adult women, it is necessary to state that the use of certain practices encouraging women to get checked for breast cancer presents the aspect of practice to be improved. In particular, the proposed research aims at evaluating the effectiveness of conversations on the importance of mammography screening initiated by healthcare providers. As for the desired outcomes, the research is expected to expand the knowledge on the role of healthcare specialists in the early detection of breast cancer in adult women belonging to minority groups.

The PICOT question: In the primary care setting, for women of minorities aged 40-54 (P), how effective is it for providers to initiate a conversation regarding recommended mammography screening (I) versus not initiating conversation (C) in increasing the rate of early detection of breast cancer (O) over a 6-month time period (T)?

References

Siegel, R. L., Miller, K. D., & Jemal, A. (2016). Cancer statistics, 2016. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 66(1), 7-30.

Smith, R. A., & Brawley, O. W. (2014). The national breast and cervical cancer early detection program: Toward a system of cancer screening in the United States. Cancer, 120(S16), 2617-2619.

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